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سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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Items filtered by date: Monday, 20 May 2019

20 May 2019 - World Bee Day

Background

Bees, butterflies and other pollinators affect all of us. The food that we eat, such as fruits and vegetables, directly relies on pollinators. A world without pollinators would equal a world without food diversity – no blueberries, coffee, chocolate, cucumbers and so much more.

They not only help ensure the abundance of fruits, nuts, and seeds, but also their variety and quality, which is crucial for human nutrition. Beyond food, pollinators also contribute directly to medicines, biofuels, fibers like cotton and linen, and construction materials.  

The vast majority of flowering plant species only produce seeds if animal pollinators move pollen from the anthers to the stigmas of their flowers. Without this service, many interconnected species and processes functioning within the ecosystem would collapse.

Pollination is therefore a keystone process, in both human managed and natural terrestrial ecosystems. It is critical for food production and human livelihoods and directly links wild ecosystems with agricultural production systems.

A need for a diversity of pollinators

Most of the 25,000 to 30,000 species of bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) are effective pollinators, and together with moths, flies, wasps, beetles, and butterflies, they make up the majority of pollinating species. But the diversity of pollinators and pollination systems is striking.

Indeed, there are also vertebrate pollinators, including bats, non-flying mammals (such as several species of monkey, rodents, lemur, tree squirrels, olingo, and kinkajou) and birds (hummingbirds, sunbirds, honeycreepers and some parrot species).

Current understanding of the pollination process shows that, while specific relationships exist between plants and their pollinators, healthy pollination services are best ensured by an abundance and diversity of pollinators.

Adapting to changing climates

A diverse assemblage of pollinators, with different traits and responses to ambient conditions, is also one of the best ways to minimize risks due to climate change.  Their diversity ensures that there are effective pollinators not just for current conditions, but for future conditions as well. As a result of biodiversity, resilience can therefore be built in agroecosystems.

However, pollinators face main challenges today, from intensive agriculture, pesticides, to climate change. 

A pollination crisis 

Recognizing the dimensions of the pollination crisis and its links to biodiversity and human livelihoods, the Convention on Biological Diversity has made the conservation and sustainable use of pollinators a priority. In 2000, the International Pollinator Initiative (IPI) was established (COP decision V/5, section II) at the Fifth Conference of Parties (COP V) as a cross-cutting initiative to promote coordinated action worldwide to:

  • Monitor pollinator decline, its causes and its impact on pollination services;
  • Address the lack of taxonomic information on pollinators;
  • Assess the economic value of pollination and the economic impact of the decline of pollination services; and
  • Promote the conservation and the restoration and sustainable use of pollinator diversity in agriculture and related ecosystems.

Caring for bees and other pollinators is part of the fight against world hunger 

In agroecosystems, pollinators are essential for orchard, horticultural and forage production, as well as the production of seed for many root and fiber crops. Pollinators such as bees, birds, and bats affect 35 percent of the world's crop production, increasing outputs of 87 of the leading food crops worldwide, plus many plant-derived medicines. 

Why this date?

20 May coincides with the birthday of Anton Janša, who in the 18th century pioneered modern beekeeping techniques in his native Slovenia and praised the bees for their ability to work so hard, while needing so little attention.

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19 May 2019 - The UN-Habitat Assembly

The first session of the UN-Habitat Assembly will be held from 27-31 May 2019, at the headquarters of UN-Habitat in Nairobi. 

The special theme for the UN-Habitat Assembly, as discussed during the twenty-first meeting of the Subcommittee on Policy and Programme of Work of the Committee of Permanent Representatives (CPR) held on 30 November 2018 and endorsed during the 71stRegular meeting of the CPR on 4 December 2018 is: “Innovation for Better Quality of Life in Cities and Communities”.  The CPR also endorsed the Sub theme as: “Accelerated implementation of the New Urban Agenda towards achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals”.

During the first session, The Assembly is expected establish the Executive Board of UN-Habitat and elect its members, to review and approve the UN-Habitat Strategic Plan 2020-2025 and also review the Progress in implementation of New Urban Agenda, among other things

Member States of the United Nations are expected to participate in the deliberations of the UN-Habitat Assembly. In addition, a State which is a member of a Specialized Agency, and Observer Members States of the United Nations may participate in the deliberations of the UN-Habitat Assembly in the capacity of an observer.

The Assembly will also be attended by United Nations Agencies, Local authorities and non-state actors including civil society, youth and women group representatives, the private sector and the Academia.

For more information, please check this link: https://unhabitat.org/habitatassembly 

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اردیبهشت 98 - اولین مجمع اسکان بشر ملل متحد

برنامه اسکان بشر ملل متحد (هبیتات) اولین مجمع خود را از 6 تا 10 خرداد ماه سال 1398 در شهرنایروبی، کنیا با موضوع کلی «نوآوری برای کیفیت زندگی بهتر در شهرها و جوامع محلی »  و با  موضوع فرعی «اجرای سریع‌تر دستور کار جدید شهری و آرمان‌های توسعه پایدار» برگزار خواهد کرد.

مجمع برنامه اسکان بشر ملل متحد پس از تصویب در مجمع عمومی در تاریخ 20 دسامبر 2018،  در راستای تقویت برنامه اسکان بشر متحد جایگزین  شورای حکام شد. مجمع برنامه اسکان بشر ملل متحد، بلند پایه‌ترین نهاد تصمیم‌گیرنده‌ای خواهد بود که بر اسکان بشر و شهرنشینی پایدار تمرکز خواهد داشت.

این مجمع با حضور 193 کشور عضو سازمان ملل متحد پایگاهی جهانی خواهد بود که انتظار می‌رود تصمیم‌گیری‌ها و قطعنامه‌های مصوب آن به تنظیم روند شهرنشینی ، بررسی روندهای اصلی اصول و استانداردهای مرتبط با شهرنشینی پایدار و سکونتگاه‌های انسانی بپردازد و  به عنوان یک راهنمای راهبردی برای فعالیت‌های برنامه اسکان بشر ملل متحد  عمل کند. فعالیت‌های مهم دیگر نیز در طول مجمع اسکان بشر ملل متحد صورت می‌گیرد از جمله آنها می‌توان به گفتگو تعاملی راهبردی، نشست جهانی ذینفعان، جلسه  ادای پیمان، گفتگوی بخش خصوصی، رویدادهای متعددی که توسط همکاران برگزار می‌شود و نمایشگاه نوآوری اشاره کرد.

 

 

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