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سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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Items filtered by date: Wednesday, 11 October 2017

مهر 96 - میزگرد با موضوع اصلاحات در سازمان ملل متحد : نقطه نظرات ایران و آلمان

تهران – میزگرد بحث و تبادل نظر در باره اصلاحات سازمان ملل متحد به وسیله انجمن ایرانی مطالعات سازمان ملل متحد با حمایت مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد در تهران درخانه اندیشمندان علوم انسانی در 19 مهر ماه 1396 با سخنرانی ماریا دوتسنکو رییس مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد آغاز به کار کرد.

هشت تن از اعضای انجمن آلمانی ملل متحد، شاخه باواریا، مهمانان ویژه این همایش بودند.

خانم دکتر دوتسنکو، رییس مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد در سخنانش به پاره ای از جزئیات پیشنهادات دبیرکل سازمان ملل متحد برای اصلاحات در این سازمان به ویژه موارد مربوط به صلح و امنیت، نظام توسعه ای ملل متحد و اصلاحات مدیریتی اشاره کرد.   

ایشان به نقل از آنتونیو گوترش، دبیرکل سازمان ملل متحد گفت به منظور غلبه بر چالش های بین المللی، جهان نیازبه سازمان مللی چابک، موثر و مفید به عنوان یک نهاد دارد و به همین دلیل پیشنهاد برای اصلاحات را مطرح کرده است.     

وی گفت پیشنهادات دبیر کل برای صلح و امنیت خواستار تقویت ارتباط بین راهبرد های سیاسی و عملیاتی از یک سو و صلح و امنیت و توسعه از سوی دیگر است.

در این نشست یک روزه خانم اولریکه رنر، ریاست انجمن آلمانی ملل متحد شاخه باواریا و خانم دکتر نسرین مصفا ریاست انجمن ایرانی مطالعات سازمان ملل متحد نقطه نظرات خود را در باره اصلاحات در این سازمان جهانی بیان نمودند.

دکتر مارتین پابست معاون انجمن آلمانی ملل متحد شاخه باواریا در باره نظرات و کمک های آلمان در زمینه حفظ صلح سازمان ملل متحد برای حاضران سخن گفت سپس، دکتر امیر ساعد وکیل استاد دانشگاه تهران در باره اصلاحات در شورای حقوق بشر سازمان ملل متحد سخنرانی کرد.

سایر سخرانان این همایش عبارت بودند از: دکتر پوریا عسکری از دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی با موضوع "اصلاحات سازمان ملل متحد و پاسخگویی بین المللی"، تاسیلو اشمید عضو انجمن آلمانی ملل متحد با موضوع "حوزه قضایی جنایی: مسئولیت کشورها و سازمان های بین المللی"، خانم اولریکه رنر، ریاست انجمن آلمانی ملل متحد شاخه باواریا درباره "موضع آلمان نسبت به اصلاحات سازمان ملل"، دکتر هرمیداس باوند دیپلمات سابق وزارت امور خارجه ایران در باره "اصلاحات شورای امنیت"، دکتر سید حسین سادات میدانی استاد دانشکده روابط بین الملل وزارت امور خارجه درباره "صلح از راه عدالت در آینده سازمان ملل متحد" سخنرانی نمود.

این همایش با سخنان دکتر مصفا، دکتر افتخاری استاد دانشگاه تهران و دکتر پابست پایان یافت. 

 

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11 Oct 2017 - A Colloquium on UN Reform: Views from Iran and Germany

TEHRAN – Discussion on the UN reform was organized by the of Iranian Association of UN Studies (IAUNS) with UNIC support at the House of Humanities Intellectual on 11 October 2017 with remarks by UNIC Director Dr. Maria Dotsenko.

Members of UN Association of Germany (Bavaria branch) were special guests of the event.   

UNIC Director Dr. Dotsenko briefed the group on the UN Secretary-General’s reform proposals, speaking in details on his proposals in the area of peace and security, UN development system and reform of management.  

She quoted UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, who said in order to confront global challenges, the world needs more nimble, efficient and effective UN as an institution and therefore the Secretary-General proposes some reforms.

She said the Secretary-General’s proposals for the UN Secretariat peace and security architecture seek to strengthen the link between political strategies and operations – and between peace and security and the development of the Organization’s work.

During the one-day seminar Chair of the UNA Germany, Bavaria branch Ulrike Renner and President of IAUNS Dr. Nassrin Mossafa elaborated on UN reforms from their respected views.

Then Vice-Chair of UNA Germany, Bavaria branch Dr. Martin Pabst, briefed the participants on “United Nations peacekeeping: German views and contributions” followed by Professor of University of Tehran Dr. Amir Saed Vakil’s remarks on reforming the UN Human Rights Council.

Professor of Alame Tabatabai University Dr. Pouria Askary who spoke about UN reforms and international accountability, member of UNA Germany, Bavaria Branch Taasilo Schmid spoke on international criminal jurisdiction: the responsibility of states and international organizations; Chair of UNA Germany, Bavaria branch Ulrike Renner briefed on the German position towards the United Nations and UN Reform, focusing on the Security Council”; former Iranian diplomat Dr. Hermidas Bavand briefed the participants on proposals of the Security Council reform; Professor of Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ School of International Relations Dr. Seyed Hossein Sadat-Meidani talked about “Peace Through Justice in the Future United Nations”

The seminar ended by concluding remarks of University of Tehran Professors Dr. Ghassem Eftekhari and Dr. Nassrin Mosaffa as well as Dr. Martin Pabst.

UN information materials and promotional items were distributed to the participants and each member of the German delegation received special UNIC Tehran souvenir ( SDGs mug).

 

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11 Oct 2017 - EmPOWER girls: before, during and after crises

Statement of UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Natalia Kanem

for the International Day of the Girl Child

Girls today enjoy better life prospects than previous generations in many ways. Prosperity and nutrition are improving, child marriage and teenage pregnancy are declining, and female educational attainment and participation in the labour force are on the rise.

However, these advances are far from universal and are increasingly tenuous in many parts of the world. The poorest—particularly girls—are often left behind, their rights undermined. 

They get less education, have fewer opportunities and are more likely to take jobs that pay less and involve more risk than girls who are economically better off. In addition to the social forces against them, girls continue to face high levels of gender-based violence, unwanted pregnancies, and unsafe deliveries. One in four girls will be married before she is 18, and one in five adolescent girls aged 15-19 will give birth.

And because of entrenched gender inequalities, disasters and conflict can make a bad situation even worse for girls.  They and their families, struggling to survive, are left with few choices, leaving girls even more vulnerable to child marriage, sexual- and gender-based violence, including trafficking, rape and sexual slavery. They are faced with the cruel reality of heightened risks to their sexual and reproductive health and diminished access to critical health care.

Despite these challenges, many girls manage to play a critical role in their homes and communities, even in crises. They are often the first responders who care for their families and establish networks that produce the social capital and resilience communities need to survive. Protecting and promoting their rights, health, and well-being is therefore an essential element of crisis preparedness, effective response and recovery. 

UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, works towards ensuring that girls are healthy, empowered and, thus, more resilient in the face of crises and in the rebuilding of their societies. UNFPA supports the development of more inclusive health, education, and empowerment programmes that are age- and gender-responsive, often girl-led, and enhance the voices of girls at the community level.

From creating safe spaces, to providing sexual and reproductive health information and services, to facilitating youth leadership and participation, we and our partners are innovating to reach, engage and empower adolescent girls and to ensure that we respond not just to their needs, but to their aspirations.

As part of UNFPA's transformational goals, we will continue working with our partners to end violence against girls, including child marriage and female genital mutilation. We will work to ensure that all girls, everywhere, enjoy their full spectrum of rights and have the opportunities they need to fulfill their potential.

Today and every day, let us support the power of girls before, during and after crises to build better futures for themselves and their communities.

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