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Iran Commemorates World Patient Safety Day 2019 to Highlight “Speak up for Patient Safety”

  • Published in Health

Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MoHME) Islamic Republic of Iran in collaboration with World Health Organization (WHO) commemorated the first ever World Patient Safety Day (WPSD) in the country under the theme “Patient safety: a global health priority”.

The global campaign aims to create awareness of patient safety and WHO encourages everyone to speak up for the right of people to safe health care.

“For every one of us, whether service provider or patient, patient safety ranks the highest on our list. “Do no harm” is the first principle in medicine”, said Dr Christoph Hamelmann, the WHO Representative in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

WPSD that was celebrated globally on 17th of September is also a call on patients who suffer harm in health care to be actively involved in their care, well informed of their situation, provide full information about their medical history and ask questions while receiving health care.

Patient safety is a serious global public health concern. Estimates show that in high-income countries, as many as one in 10 patients is harmed while receiving hospital care. The harm can be caused by a range of adverse events, of which almost 50% are preventable.

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Without improving people’s access to quality health care services ‒ a fundamental principle of universal health coverage and key to achieving health-related Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 ‒ the occurrence of adverse events, resulting from unsafe care, is likely to become one of the top 10 leading causes of death and disability worldwide.

On this occasion, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean Dr Ahmed Al-Mandhari calls on community leaders and patient advocacy groups to encourage patients to speak out and insist on their right to receive safe, good quality health care services that meet their needs.

“Unsafe health care is a particular burden in low- and middle-income countries, especially those facing emergencies and extreme adversity. It is unacceptable that unsafe health care services in these countries still lead to 134 million adverse events annually, accounting for nearly 2.6 million deaths globally – especially now that achievement of UHC has been recognized as a critical global health goal,” the Regional Director said. “Crucially, unsafe care not only harms individual patients; it also wastes precious resources, undermines people’s trust in the health system and hinders country progress towards UHC.”

In the Eastern Mediterranean Region, evidence has shown that up to 18% of hospital admissions are associated with adverse events, 80% of which are preventable. Patients may be at risk of harm if the care they receive is not satisfactory, whether that is because it is delayed, inefficient, inequitable, of poor quality, not based on the latest evidence or represents a financial burden on the patient and their family.

The provision of safe services is extremely important across all levels of health care, including in primary and outpatient (ambulatory) care, where the bulk of services are offered. Globally, as many as four out of 10 patients are harmed while receiving health care in these settings, with up to 80% of this harm preventable. The most detrimental errors are related to diagnosis, prescription, the use of medicines and poor infection prevention and control practices. Harm in primary and ambulatory care often results in hospitalization.

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Examples of recommended interventions to ensure safer care include improving hygiene standards, in particular hand hygiene compliance, using preoperative checklists to reduce surgical complications, and implementing care bundles to prevent central line-associated bloodstream infections.

Effective infection prevention and control reduces health care-associated infections by at least 30%.

Promoting a safety culture that uses mistakes as opportunities for learning rather than blaming individuals is also key for understanding the root causes of the problems and preventing their reoccurrence.

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On World Patient Safety Day, WHO strongly recommends that effective patient safety must be based on people-centred health care and reiterates that patient safety is not a one-day event or the sole responsibility of a single entity; rather, it requires sustained collaboration and coherent strategies that embrace everyone. “We all need to speak up for patient safety”.

 
 
 
 
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WHO Iran Receives Special Award from Vice President on Emergency Response

  • Published in Health

The World Health Organization (WHO) in the Islamic Republic of Iran has received a special award from the National Emergency Management Organization on the occasion of the 44th anniversary of establishment of the Organization in Islamic Republic of Iran for its “outstanding efforts and valuable support” to the country in time of emergencies.

Dr Christoph Hamelmann, WHO Representative, received the award from Dr Ishaq Jahangiri, the Vice President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, who expressed his appreciation of the work of WHO as the leading United Nations agency for health with its special mandate of emergency response.

Dr Saeed Namaki, the Minister of Health and Medical Education, also said that in the near future the country would be equipped with new ambulances and air ambulance equipment.

Dr Pirhossein Kolivand, Head of the National Emergency Management Organization added, “This year, marks the 44th anniversary of the establishment of the Organization. Throughout the years, the number of emergency medical services bases have been increased from only 70 to more than 3300”.

In April 2019, WHO airlifted essential medical supplies to the Islamic Republic of Iran to respond to the growing health needs of thousands of people who had been displaced as a result of heavy flooding in many provinces in the country. The supplies included trauma, health, cholera and noncommunicable disease kits and other commodities requested by the Ministry of Health and Medical Education.

WHO, in close collaboration with other United Nations agencies, continues to support emergency preparedness measures in the country, including a hospital emergency preparedness workshop this month.

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29 August 2019 - Guterres calls on all States to sign, ratify CTBT

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TEHRAN, 29 August 2019 (UNIC) – United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres in his message on the International Day against Nuclear Tests, 29 August 2019, called on all States that have not yet ratified the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) to sign and ratify it. 

The full text of his message reads: 

The International Day against Nuclear Tests marks the closing, in 1991, of the nuclear test site in Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan, the largest in the former Soviet Union. More than 450 tests took place there, with impacts still being felt decades later. 

But this observance also has a broader message. It commemorates all victims of nuclear tests, anywhere they have been conducted. Affected communities have yet to fully recover from the environmental, health and economic damage. 

Honoring those victims requires bringing nuclear testing to a permanent end. Yet, an effective and legally-binding prohibition remains one of the longest unfulfilled goals of nuclear disarmament. The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is a central pillar of international efforts, but despite being widely supported – with 184 signatories and 168 ratifying States – it has not yet entered into force, more than 20 years after its adoption. 

The legacy of nuclear testing is nothing but destruction. The CTBT is vital to ensuring there are no more victims; it is also essential to advancing nuclear disarmament. 

On the International Day Against Nuclear Tests, I reiterate my call for all States that have not yet done so, to sign and ratify the Treaty, especially those whose ratification is needed for the Treaty’s entry into force. In a world of rising tensions and divisions, our collective security depends on it.   

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27 August 2019 - WHO urges governments to ban tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship at international expos

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TEHRAN, 26 August 2019 (UNIC) -- As called for in the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Governments must comprehensively enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship (Article 13) at international expos and conferences, in order to ensure their events and programmes are tobacco free and that their activities and participants are not sponsored by tobacco companies. The world must unite to halt the tobacco industry’s aggressive marketing of its products, that cause addiction, suffering and millions of deaths each year.

This renewed call comes in light of reports of tobacco companies aiming to establish new partnerships with governments to sponsor events or pavilions in world expos, in a country that has already ratified the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC).

Philip Morris International (PMI) recently announced a partnership with the Government of Switzerland to sponsor the Swiss pavilion in the Dubai World Expo 2020. The Government of Switzerland has reconsidered this partnership, and chosen not to accept the financial support of PMI. WHO welcomes the decision made by the Government of Switzerland and takes this opportunity to encourage the Government to ratify the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), as Switzerland is among a handful of countries that are yet to do so. 

The WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control includes in Article 5.3 a commitment to protect public health policies with respect to tobacco control from commercial and other vested interests of the tobacco industry. This commitment is reflected in the Memorandum of Understanding of 2011 between WHO and the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE), which “bans” sponsorship of expos by tobacco companies or their agents or affiliates. Featuring a world-leading producer of tobacco products and cigarettes — the only product that is known to kill half of its consumers, goes against the theme of Dubai’s Expo 2020 “Connecting Minds, Creating the Future”. Governments must proactively aspire to reduce the number of people starting and continuing smoking, to promote health and preserve future generations.

In accordance with Article 8 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, WHO also urges all organizers of international expos and conferences to adopt complete tobacco-free policies providing for protection from exposure from tobacco smoke in indoor workplaces, public transport, indoor public places and, as appropriate, other public places. Any designated smoking area must be outdoor and designed to discourage smoking and to protect people from tobacco smoke exposures. In addition, governments should:

Ban sales of tobacco or tobacco-related products at expos; Ban sponsorship of expos by tobacco companies or their agents or affiliates; and Ban advertising and promotion of tobacco products, tobacco company brands, and the use of tobacco at expos.

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مرداد 98 -آغاز "طرح هوای پاک" برای کاستن از: مرگ هفت میلیون انسان در جهان به دلیل هوای آلوده

تهران 3 مرداد 1398 (مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد) – بر اساس آمار سازمان جهانی بهداشت، آلودگی هوا هر ساله حدود هفت میلیون نفر را می‌کُشد و در سراسر جهان از هر ۱۰ نفر، ۹ نفر هوایی را تنفس می‌کنند که برای انسان مناسب نیست.

پیش از آغاز اجلاس آتی سران برای اقدام اقلیمی ۲۰۱۹، سازمان ملل متحد، سازمان جهانی بهداشت، برنامهٔ محیط زیست ملل متحد و ائتلاف اقلیم و هوای پاک، "طرح هوای پاک" را در 23 ژوئیه 2019 برابر با 1 مرداد 1398 اعلام  و از حکومت‌ها در تمامی سطوح دعوت کردند تا به این طرح بپیوندند.

"طرح هوای پاک" از حکومت‌های ملی و محلی می‌خواهد تا به دست‌یابی به کیفیت هوای سالم برای شهروندان متعهد باشند و سیاست‌های تغییرات اقلیمی و آلودگی هوای خود را تا سال ۲۰۳۰ هم‌سان‌ کنند.

بر اساس آمار سازمان جهانی بهداشت، آلودگی هوا هر ساله باعث هفت میلیون مرگ زودرس می‌شود که ۶۰۰ هزار نفر از آنان کودک هستند. بر اساس آمار بانک جهانی، آلودگی هوا حدوداً پنج تریلیون و 11 میلیارد دلار خسارت به بخش خدمات درمانی و اقتصاد جهانی وارد می‌کند. تخمین زده می‌شود که بیش از چهار درصد تولید ناخالص داخلی ۱۵ کشوری که بیشترین میزان انتشار گازهای گلخانه‌ای را دارند، خرج بُعد درمانی آلودگی هوا می‌شود.

با عمل به توافق پاریس دربارهٔ تغییرات اقلیمی می‌توان تنها با کاستن از آلودگی هوا جان یک میلیون نفر را تا سال ۲۰۵۰ نجات داد و بیش از ۵۴ تریلیون و 100 میلیارد دلار از فواید آن برای سلامتی به دست آورد که این مقدار نزدیک به دو برابر هزینهٔ کاهش تغییرات اقلیمی است.

حکومت‌ها در تمامی سطوح می‌توانند با تعهد به انجام اقداماتی به طرح هوای پاک بپیوندند که این کارها عبارت‌اند از:

- اجرای سیاست‌هایی دربارهٔ کیفیت هوا و تغییرات اقلیمی برای دست‌یابی به مقادیر تعیین شده مندرج در "راهنمای کیفیت هوای محیط بیرون" سازمان جهانی بهداشت.

- پیاده‌سازی سیاست‌ها و پی‌گیری اقداماتی در رابطه با حمل‌ونقل الکترونیکی و حمل‌ونقل پایدار با هدف تأثیرگذاری عمده بر انتشار گازهای گلخانه‌ای از حمل‌ونقل جاده‌ای.

- ارزیابی تعداد زندگی هایی که نجات می‌یابند، فوایدی که این سیاست‌ها برای سلامتی کودکان و دیگر گروه‌های آسیب‌پذیر دارند و هزینه هایی که به سبب پیاده‌سازی این سیاست‌ها، از آن‌ها اجتناب خواهد شد. 

  • دنبال‌کردن پیشرفت‌ها، درمیان گذاشتن تجربه‌ها و بهترین شیوه‌ها از طریق شبکه‌ای بین‌المللی مورد حمایت برنامهٔ اقدام عملی تنفسِ زندگی.

سفیر لوئیس آلفونسو دی آلبا، فرستادهٔ ویژهٔ دبیرکل برای اجلاس سران برای اقدام اقلیمی، در23 ژوئیه در دهلی نو و پس از دو روزملاقات با نمایندگان حکومت‌ها، کسب‌وکارها و جامعهٔ مدنی طرح هوای پاک را اعلام کرد.

سفیر دی آلبا گفت عوامل یکسانی بحران اقلیمی و بحران آلودگی هوا را باعث می‌شوند و برای مقابله با آن‌ها باید اقدامات مشترکی انجام داد. حکومت‌ها در تمامی سطوح نه تنها برای رسیدگی به بحران اقلیمی، بلکه برای بهبود سلامتی و حفظ جان میلیون‌ها انسان در سراسر جهان، همزمان با پیش‌روی در راستای آرمان‌های توسعهٔ پایدار، نیازی فوری و فرصتی بزرگ پیش‌رو دارند. او در ادامه گفت  از حکومت‌ها در تمامی سطوح خواستاریم تا برای رویاروریی با این چالش قدم پیش‌گذارند و تعهدات و برنامه‌های با پشتوانه‌ای را در اجلاس آتی اقدام برای اقلیم رونمایی کنند.

دکتر تدروس ادهانوم قیبریسوس، مدیرکل سازمان جهانی بهداشت گفت آلودگی هوا هر ساله حدود هفت میلیون نفر را می‌کُشد و در سراسر جهان از هر ۱۰ نفر، ۹ نفر هوایی را تنفس می‌کنند که برای انسان مناسب نیست. لازم است تا همهٔ ما بر سر نیاز به دنیایی عاری از آلودگی هوا توافق کنیم. نیاز داریم تا همهٔ کشورها و شهرها برای رسیدن به استانداردهای کیفیت هوای سازمان جهانی بهداشت متعهد شوند.

اجلاس سران برای اقدام اقلیمی امسالِ دبیرکل، فرصت مهمی خواهد بود تا تعهدات و سرمایه‌‌گذاری‌هایی در مداخلات ثابت‌شده در زمینهٔ نظام‌های بهداشتی سازگار با اقلیم، سنجش کیفیت هوا و پیاده‌سازی سیاست‌‌ها تأمین شود.

آنتونیو گوترش، دبیرکل سازمان ملل متحد، اجلاس سران برای اقدام اقلیمی را در ۲۳ سپتامبر (1 مهر 1398) در نیویورک برگزار خواهد کرد و از رهبران حکومت‌ها، کسب‌‌وکارها و جامعهٔ مدنی دعوت کرده‌ تا اقدامات صریح و بلندپروازی‌های گسترده‌ای را با خود به همراه آورند.

طرح هوای پاک به عنوان بخشی از پیشران‌های اجتماعی و سیاسی حوزهٔ اقدام عملی اجلاس سران برای  اقدام  اقلیمی ۲۰۱۹ توسعه یافته است که از سوی سازمان جهانی بهداشت، با همراهی دولت‌های پرو و اسپانیا، ادارهٔ امور اقتصادی و اجتماعی ملل متحد و سازمان بین‌اللملی کار هدایت می‌شود.

فراخوان بهبود بخشی به کیفیت هوا بخشی از جنبش بزرگ‌تری است که به دنبال تمرکز پیشران‌های اجتماعی و سیاسی در راستای بهبود سلامتی مردم، کاهش نابرابری‌ها، تشویق عدالت اجتماعی و به حداکثر رساندن فرصت‌های شغل آبرومند برای همه، در عین محافظت از اقلیم برای نسل‌های آینده است. در اجلاس سران برای اقدام اقلیمی، ائتلاف پیشران‌های اجتماعی و سیاسی خود را به آینده‌ای سالم‌تر و ایمن‌تر برای همه متعهد می‌داند و از حکومت‌ها و نهادها دعوت به عمل می‌آورد تا به سلامتی متعهد شوند.

حکومت‌ها در تمامی سطوح که مشتاق به پیوستن به طرح هوای پاک هستند، می‌توانند با این ایمیل تماس بگیرند: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

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25 July 2019 - UN announces 2019 Climate Action Summit ‘Clean Air Initiative’, calls on governments at all levels to join

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TEHRAN, 25 July 2019 (UNIC) – Ahead of the upcoming 2019 Climate Action Summit, the United Nations, the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) and Climate and Clean Air Coalition announced on 23 July 2019 the “Clean Air Initiative”, calling on governments at all levels to join the Initiative.

The “Clean Air Initiative” calls on national and subnational governments to commit to achieving air quality that is safe for citizens, and to align climate change and air pollution policies by 2030.

According to WHO, each year, air pollution causes 7 million premature deaths, of which 600,000 are children. According to the World Bank, air pollution costs the global economy an estimated US$5.11 trillion in welfare losses, and in the 15 countries with the highest greenhouse gas emissions, health impacts of air pollution are estimated to cost more than 4 per cent of GDP.

Meeting the Paris Agreement on climate change, however, could save over 1 million lives a year by 2050 and yield health benefits worth an estimated US$54.1 trillion – about twice the costs of mitigation – through reduced air pollution alone.

Governments at all levels can join the Clean Air Initiative by committing to specific actions, including:

Implementing air quality and climate change policies that will achieve the WHO Ambient Air Quality Guideline values.

Implementing e-mobility and sustainable mobility policies and actions with the aim of making a decisive impact on road transport emissions.

Assessing the number of lives that are saved, the health gains in children and other vulnerable groups, and the avoided financial costs to health systems that result from implementing their policies.

Tracking progress, sharing experiences and best practices through an international network supported by the Breathelife Action Platform.

The announcement was made today by the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy for the Climate Action Summit, Ambassador Luis Alfonso de Alba, in New Delhi, India, following two days of meetings with representatives of governments, business and civil society.

“The climate crisis and the air pollution crisis are driven by the same factors and must be tackled by joint actions. Governments at all levels have both an urgent need and huge opportunity not only to address the climate crisis, but also to improve the health and save the lives of millions of people around the world, all while making progress on the Sustainable Development Goals,” said Ambassador de Alba. “We call on governments at all levels to step up to this challenge and bring powerful commitments and concrete plans to the upcoming Climate Action Summit.”

Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director-General of WHO said: “Air pollution kills about 7 million people every year, and 9 out of 10 people globally breathe air that is not fit for human consumption. We need to agree unequivocally on the need for a world free of air pollution. We need all countries and cities to commit to meeting WHO standards for air quality.”

“The Secretary-General’s Climate Summit this year will be an important opportunity to secure strong commitments and investments in proven interventions for climate-resilient health systems, and in air quality monitoring and policy implementation.”

United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres is convening the Climate Action Summit in New York on 23 September and has called on government, business and civil society leaders to bring bold actions and much greater ambition.

The Clean Air Initiative has been developed as part of the Social and Political Drivers Action Area of the 2019 Climate Action Summit, led by WHO, together with the Governments of Peru and Spain, the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, and the International Labor Organization.

The call to improve air quality is part of a wider movement to harness social and political drivers to improve people’s health, reduce inequities, promote social justice and maximize opportunities of decent work for all, while protecting the climate for future generations. At the Climate Action Summit, the coalition for Social and Political Drivers will commit to a healthier and safer future for all and call on governments and institutions to commit to act on health.

Governments at any level interested in joining the Clean Air Initiative can contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..

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