8 May 2018 - Photo Story: UNDP’s mission to Deh Chenashk village

20180508 undp2First stop of the visit was a women empowerment center in Ghale Ghafe village. Throughout our project we have done community mobilization efforts to empower local communities to take part in community forestry, livelihood development, waste management, etc. With the support of this project and trainings, the women of Ghale Ghafe are now able to help their families financially

20180508 undp3Next stop, a local mosque in Deh Chenashk village in which the local community gathered to discuss the project and how their livelihoods has enhanced by taking part in this project

20180508 undp4Mr. Toosi, the local community representative addressed the audience by saying: “I would like to take this opportunity and thank the project and local authorities. Throughout this project we learned how to care more about the environment.” Mr. Toosi continued by saying: “This project helped us to modify our cultivating practices and that resulted in less water consumption.”

20180508 undp5Then a visit at the local exhibition of handicrafts took place. These handicrafts are produced by the women of the village who are taking part in this project. The women use their artistic talents and make these goods from scratch and sell them and through this practice they support their families financially

20180508 undp6To wrap-up the mission, a visit to a Borage field in Deh Chenashk village took place. The local community are changing their cultivating patterns by choosing different types of plants which consumes less water and financially benefits them more – a win-win for the environment and the local community

20180508 undp7At the end of every mission, a group photo is a must!

 

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08/05/2017 - Hamshahri newspaper cited UNDP's activities in Iran

دولت ژاپن مبلغ یک میلیون دلار برای احیای دریاچه ارومیه به دفتر توسعه ملل متحد اهدا کرد. این پنجمین کمک مالی دولت ژاپن به دفتر توسعه ملل متحد در جمهوری اسلامی ایران است.

به گزارش مهر، مراسم امضای این توافقنامه هفته گذشته در سازمان حفاظت محیط‌زیست و با حضور عیسی کلانتری، رئیس سازمان حفاظت محیط‌زیست، هیرویاسو کوبایاشی، سفیر ژاپن در ایران و آناماری کارلسون، نماینده موقت برنامه توسعه ملل متحد در تهران برگزار شد.

از سال ۲۰۱۴، دولت ژاپن سالانه مبلغ یک‌میلیون دلار برای این پروژه اختصاص داده است. این کمک مالی در قالب طرح حفاظت از تالاب‌های ایران که با همکاری دفتر توسعه ملل متحد و سازمان حفاظت محیط‌زیست ایران در حال اجراست، پرداخت می‌شود.

کمک مالی یک میلیون دلاری، امکان توسعه بیشتر طرحی با نام «مشارکت در احیای دریاچه ارومیه با الگوسازی مشارکت جوامع محلی در انجام فعالیت‌های کشاورزی پایدار و حفاظت از تنوع زیستی گونه‌های در معرض خطر» را فراهم می‌کند. این پروژه کاملا در راستای برنامه‌های دولت جمهوری‌اسلامی ایران و همچنین ستاد احیای دریاچه ارومیه است.

 دریاچه ارومیه از طریق ارتقای کشاورزی پایدار و کاهش میزان مصرف آب توسط کشاورزان حاشیه دریاچه و جوامع محلی احیا می‌شود. بر این اساس، جوامع محلی و کشاروزان با روش‌های جدید تلاش می‌کنند تا آب کمتری مصرف کنند.

این امر باعث می‌شود تا استفاده از آفت‌کش‌ها و کودهای مصنوعی نیز کاهش یابد. این طرح باعث کاهش ۳۵درصدی در مصرف آب کشاورزی می‌شود و ‌آب صرفه‌جویی شده به دریاچه ارومیه اختصاص می‌یابد. علاوه بر این، کاهش ۴۰درصدی میزان مصرف کودهای شیمیایی را سبب می‌شود.

دست‌اندرکاران این طرح تلاش می‌کنند تا مدل معیشت جایگزین را از طریق صندوق‌های اعتباری خُرد و پرداخت برای خدمات اکوسیستمی ارائه دهند. این مدل به‌عنوان مکانیسم مکمل برای تنوع شغلی و سازگاری بهتر با تأثیرات تغییرات آب و هوایی در منطقه است.

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اردیبهشت 97 - پنجمین کمک مالی دولت ژاپن برای احیای دریاچه ارومیه

دولت ژاپن در اقدامی سخاوتمندانه مجددا مبلغ یک میلیون دلار را برای احیای دریاچه ارومیه به دفتر توسعه ملل متحد اهدا کرد. این پنجمین کمک مالی دولت ژاپن به دفتر توسعه ملل متحد در جمهوری اسلامی ایران است.

مراسم امضای این توافق نامه هفته گذشته در سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست و با حضور آقای دکتر عیسی کلانتری، معاون رییس جمهور و رییس سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست، آقای هیرویاسو کوبایاشی، سفیر محترم ژاپن در جمهوری اسلامی ایران و خانم آنا ماری کارلسون نماینده موقت برنامه توسعه ملل متحد در ایران برگزار شد.

از سال 2014 و به طور سالیانه دولت ژاپن مبلغ یک میلیون دلار را برای این پروژه اختصاص داده است. این کمک مالی در قالب طرح حفاظت از تالاب های ایران که با همکاری دفتر توسعه ی ملل متحد و سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست ایران در حال اجرا است، اضافه گردید.

کمک مالی مزبور، امکان توسعه ی بیشتر طرحی با نام "مشارکت در احیای دریاچه ارومیه با الگوسازی مشارکت جوامع محلی در انجام فعالیت های کشاورزی پایدار و حفاظت از تنوع زیستی گونه های در معرض خطر" را فراهم خواهد ساخت. این پروژه کاملا در راستای برنامه های دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران و همچنین ستاد احیای دریاچه ارومیه است.

دریاچه ارومیه در شمالی غربی ایران واقع شده و یکی از مهم ترین تالاب های ملی و بین المللی به حساب می آید. در دهه گذشته میزان آب ورودی به دریاچه به طرز چشمگیری کاهش یافته است. این امر به دلیل  پدیده "تغییراقلیم" بوده که ایران را تحت تاثیر قرار داده است.

احیای دریاچه ارومیه از طریق ارتقای کشاورزی پایدار و کاهش میزان مصرف آب توسط کشاورزان حاشیه دریاچه و جوامع محلی انجام خواهد شد. اینجا جوامع محلی و کشاروزان با روش های جدید تلاش می کنند تا آب کمتری مصرف کنند. این امر باعث می شود تا استفاده ازآفت کش ها و کودهای مصنوعی نیز کاهش یابد.   

این روش باعث کاهش 35 درصدی در مصرف آب کشاورزی خواهد شد که این مقدار آب صرفه جویی شده به دریاچه ارومیه بازگشته و به احیای آن کمک خواهد کرد. در عین حال این طرح به کاهش 40 درصدی میزان مصرف کودهای شیمیایی کمک کرده است.

از طریق رویکردی یکپارچه، این پروژه همچنین سعی دارد تا مدل معیشت جایگزین را از طریق صندوق های اعتباری خُرد و پرداخت برای خدمات اکوسیستمی ارایه دهد. این مدل به عنوان مکانیسم مکمل برای تنوع شغلی و سازگاری بهتر با تأثیرات تغییرات آب و هوایی در منطقه است. این طرح در ابتدا در 41 روستای حاشیه دریاچه ارومیه آغاز گردید. در فاز دوم این پروژه، تعداد این روستاها به 75 رسید و در فاز سوم این عدد به 90 روستا افزایش یافت. در فاز چهارم 110 روستا تحت پوشش پروژه قرار گرفتند. کمک مالی جدید 20 روستای دیگر را به این مجموعه اضافه می کند تا جمعا 130 روستا تحت پوشش این پروژه قرار گیرند.  

این پروژه با استقبال جوامع محلی در چهارسال گذشته مواجه شده است. سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست، استانداری های آذربایجان غربی و شرقی و همچنین وزارت جهاد کشاورزی در اجرای موفقیت آمیز این پروژه با کمک مالی دولت ژاپن دخیل بوده اند.

 

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6 May 2018 - Government of Japan renews commitment to restoring Lake Urmia for the fifth year in a row

Tehran – The Government of Japan has generously contributed another US$ 1 million to the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Iran to continue supporting their efforts to contribute to the restoration of Lake Urmia. This is Japan’s fifth contribution.

The signing ceremony took place late last week at the Department of Environment (DoE) in the presence of Vice-President and Head of the DoE, Dr. Isa Kalantari along with the Ambassador of Japan in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Mr. Hiroyasu Kobayashi and UNDP Resident Representative a.i. Ms. Anne Marie Sloth Carlsen.

Annually, since 2014, Japan has been providing a grant of US$ 1 million to UNDP for the same purpose. The contributions are implemented as a component of UNDP’s ongoing Conservation of Iranian Wetlands Project – a project in which UNDP is partnering with Iran’s DoE.

The component is titled “Contribution to Restoration of Lake Urmia via Local Community Participation in Sustainable Agriculture and Biodiversity Conservation”. This new grant will enable the expansion of the project, fully aligned with the priority plans of the Government of Iran as well as the National Committee for Lake Urmia Restoration.

Lake Urmia is situated in northwest of Iran and is a key wetland of national and global importance. The amount of water feeding the lake has dramatically decreased in the past decade, due to mismanagement of water resources and the dryer and hotter climate that is affecting Iran because of climate change.

The contribution of this project to the restoration is mainly taking place through public participation to ensure water savings stemming from the promotion of sustainable agriculture in the farming communities adjacent to the saltwater lake. Here, local communities and farmers are engaging to apply new less water consuming irrigation techniques as well as techniques that reduce the use of pesticides and artificial fertilizers.

This approach has so far resulted in a water-saving of at least 35% which, in turn, will allow the “saved” water to return to the lake, thus replenishing it. At the same time, the use of fertilizers and pesticides has been reduced by 40%.   

Through an integrated approach, the project is also modeling Alternative Livelihoods, Women Micro-Credit Funds and Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) as complementary mechanisms for job diversification and better adaptation to climate change impacts in the area.

Originally the project was initiated in 41 villages around the basin of the lake. The second phase covered 75 villages. In the third phase this number increased to 90 villages. In the fourth phase of the project 110 villages were covered. This new contribution will expand the area covered with these techniques to cover an additional 20 villages representing 130 villages in total.  

The project has been fully welcomed by the local communities in the past four years. The Department of Environment, the Governors-General of West and East Azerbaijan Province as well as Ministry of Jihad Agriculture are also fully engaged in the successful implementation and utilization of the Japanese funds.

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UNDP partners with people at all levels of society to help build nations that can withstand crisis, and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in 177 countries and territories, we offer global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.

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6 Nov 2017 - “Environment no longer a silent victim of war – Mother Nature is joining the debate”

The international community needs to think increasingly about how environmental factors will become the actual drivers of conflict.  And take measures to prevent this.

Speaking recently at a ceremony to mark the world’s need to stop conflicts from despoiling the environment, Gary Lewis, the UN Resident Coordinator in Iran, turned this perspective on its head and urged that there is a greater danger in underestimating the consequences of climate change and resource scarcity on conflict.

“We tend to think that the environment is a perpetual silent victim of war.  But Mother Nature is talking back at us.  She has joined the debate.  And she will win it,” Lewis said.

“Droughts, heatwaves, storms, floods and sea-level-rise are but the beginning of what she has in store for us.  And the resulting scarcities of water, food price spikes and unequal resource access may well contribute to weakened state structures and political violence in future – driving migrations, climate refugees and producing insecurity,” he added.

Sixteen years ago, the UN General Assembly declared that every 6 November will be the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict. 

To commemorate the day in Iran, the Centre for Peace and Environment in collaboration with the Vice-Presidency for Women and Family Affairs organized the 9th International Seminar on Environmental Consequences of War and Armed Conflict.  Lewis was invited to speak at the event.

Lewis focused on the gigatons of CO2 that human activities are pumping into the atmosphere, which – along with other greenhouse gases – are contributing to a warming of the planet that has dramatically disturbed the climate’s natural equilibrium. 

Resulting climate change has driven up average global temperatures beyond 1 degree Celsius compared with the pre-industrial average, Lewis noted. 

4.	Mr. Gary Lewis addressing the participants at the Ninth International Seminar on Environmental Consequences of War and Armed ConflictParticipants attending Ninth International Seminar on Environmental Consequences of War and Armed Conflict

He drew attention to the now-classic example of Syria, where environmental changes contributed significantly to the start of the ongoing civil war.  He noted the severe drought had driven millions of farmers and pastoralists away from the countryside and into Syria’s cities – cities which were ill-equipped to cope with such a sudden inrush of people. 

This trend comingled with increasing anger and frustration towards the government amongst the people of the poorest urban areas, where many of the internally-displaced people settled.  Protests erupted, he noted, and this was then followed by the violent clashes which eventually led to civil war.

“The role of a hotter, drier climate as a driver of this conflict cannot be over-estimated,” Lewis added.

“What matters as future drivers of climate insecurity is the interplay between energy, water and food,” he continued.  “Who will suffer most?  As always, people in the developing countries.  The women – the poor – and the most vulnerable within those very same countries.  But solutions exist,” Lewis said.

In concluding, the UN Resident Coordinator offered what he called five lessons for leaders – both in Iran and beyond.

Lewis began by suggesting that States should start looking at traditional security issues from the “Human Security” angle.  Governments needed, he noted, to focus more on ensuring the security of people, and not only of States – this was especially the case as environmental challenges do not respect borders.

Second, was to “improve our knowledge on the impact of climate change through advanced satellite technology and constant climate surveillance”.  He also stressed the importance of what he termed, “feedback for applied learning”.

Third, was to develop “transformational” technologies which would help decarbonize the economy quickly.  The key goal, he noted, would be to reduce – and eventually eliminate – man-made GHGs, especially CO2 entering the atmosphere and contributing to the greenhouse effect.  He praised the emphasis of the administration of President Rouhani on promoting the need for Iran to adopt a low-carbon economy approach.

Lewis’ fourth point stressed the need for international collaboration.  He said there was a need to broaden collaborative international planning and emphasize “climate governance”.  There was a need, he stressed, to improve environmental dispute resolution capacity in peace-building efforts.  Also important was the need to improve trans-boundary resource management approaches, such as those which would be needed to secure solutions for water-basin challenges linked to the Hamouns and Hur-ul Azim systems bordering Iran and, respectively, Afghanistan and Iraq.

Finally, he called for a long-term perspective in reducing the security threat of climate change. 

“The ‘dwell time’ for CO2 in the atmosphere will be centuries.  We need to think and plan in those terms – or at least in terms of decades.  But no longer just years,” Lewis said. 

“We need to implement the SDGs – especially those linked to natural resource management and climate change – and engage the private sector in this quest,” he added.  “For governments alone cannot do the job.  In order to make our current consumption and production patterns sustainable we need to invest trillions, not just billions, in renewables like solar, hydro, wind and geothermal – all of which Iran possesses.  The private sector must see a profit potential in joining the march to renewable energy.”

"This is happening,” Lewis said, “but the pace needs to quicken.”

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