اسفند 95 - دومین جلسه با شرکای راه حل های راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغانستانی در محل اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی وزارت کشور

در طی پنج سال گذشته ، دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران، کمیساریای عالی سازمان ملل متحد در امور پناهندگان و شرکای ملی و بین المللی از جمله سازمان های غیر دولتی و سازمان های بین المللی غیر دولتی حمایت خود از پناهندگان افغانستانی را به صورت پایدار تحت چارچوب برنامه چند ساله راه حل های راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغانستانی که در حال حاضر توسط" اقدامات گسترش تاب آوری و راه حل ها" تکمیل شده است ، تعریف می کنند.

راه‌حل‌های راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغانستانی برنامه چهار جانبه منطقه‌ای چندساله‌ای است که در سال 2012 بین دولت های جمهوری اسلامی ایران، افغانستان و پاکستان در راستای تضمین حمایت از پناهندگان افغانستانی و یافتن راه حل های مناسب برای آنها امضاء شده است. این برنامه در ایران شامل سرمایه گذاری در فعالیتهای آموزشی و بهداشت، توانمندسازی جوانان ، توسعه مهارت ها و فرصتهای معیشتی پناهندگان و همچنین تقویت فضای حمایتی در کشور است.

ادامه راه راه حل های راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغان  در برنامه اقدامات گسترش تاب آوری و راه حل های منطقه ای دیده می شود که پس ازسفر کمیساریای عالی سازمان ملل متحد به ایران و منطقه  در ماه ژوئن سال 2016 صورت گرفت. این اقدامات باعث ایجاد تاب آوری در میان پناهندگان افغانستانی، آوارگان داخلی، بازگشت کنندگان وجوامع میزبان و یافتن راه حل های نوآورانه برای وضعیت آنان شده است.این برنامه بر پایه 5 رکن اصلی عمل می‌نماید: (1) :دسترسی به حمایت (در چارجوب قانونی و سیاسی) (2) دسترسی به خدمات اولیه ، (3) توانمندسازی جوانان از طریق آموزش توسعه مهارت ها و معیشت، (4) حمایت از راه حل های راهبردی و (5) حمایت ، هماهننگی و مشارکت.

در پی اولین جلسه مشترک اداره کل اموراتباع و مهاجرین خارجی وکمیساریا درخصوص راه حلهای راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغانستانی که درتاریخ 5 مهر ماه سال جاری برگزار شد، مشترکا دومین جلسه با  شرکا در تاریخ 12 اسفند ماه 1395  صورت گرفت تا در خصوص اجرای اقدامات گسترش تاب آوری و راه حل ها و ارزیابی پیشرفت حاصله درمسیر اهداف این راهبرد و تقویت دسترسی به خدمات اولیه برای پناهندگان در ایران تبادل نظر نمایند.  

 

 

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1 March 2017 - Second SSAR Partners Meeting Convened at BAFIA Premises

Over the past five years, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, UNHCR and national and international partners consisting of several NGOs and INGOs have firmly rooted their assistance to Afghan refugees in the regional, multi-year framework of the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR), which is now complemented by the addition of the Resilience and Solutions Measures. 

A quadripartite multi-year regional strategy between the governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran together with UNHCR, the SSAR, was launched in 2012. The strategy aims to ensure the protection of Afghan refugees in Iran whilst seeking to find durable solutions for them in the coming years. In Iran, this includes investing in their education and health, empowering the youth and expanding skills and livelihoods opportunities while ensuring protection and asylum space in the country.

The realignment of the SSAR is reflected in the regional Resilience and Solutions Measures which was launched following the UN High Commissioner’s visit to Iran and the region in June 2016. These measures contribute to building resilience among Afghan refugees, IDPs, returnees and host communities and to finding innovative solutions to their situations. They are articulated around five key areas of intervention: (1) access to protection (policy and legal framework), (2) access to basic services (3) youth empowerment through education, skills training and livelihood support (4) support for durable solutions and (5) advocacy, coordination and partnership.

As a follow up to the first joint BAFIA-UNHCR SSAR meeting held on 26 September 2016, BAFIA and UNHCR convened their second all partners meeting on 1 March to further discuss the implementation of the Resilience and Solutions Measures, and to monitor progress towards the strategy’s objectives in enhancing and improving access to basic services for refugees in Iran.

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28 September 2016 - FAO Joins UNHCR to Improve Livelihood of Afghan Refugees in Iran

The FAO Representative to Iran received a Note of Appreciation on Wednesday (28 Sep. 2016) from his UNHCR counterpart that welcoming the Organization as the latest partner to the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR). 

The Note handed over to Mr. Serge Nakouzi, the Representative of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to the Islamic Republic of Iran, by Mr. Sivanka Dhanapala, who represents the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in the country, highlights the contributions to be made by FAO towards SSAR objectives on livelihood related activities including livestock and fishery initiatives as well as nutritional projects in Iranian schools.

According to a press release published by the FAO Representation in Iran, the Organization is currently formulating a number of projects, one of which entitled “Capacity Building for Afghan Refugees on Fisheries and Aquaculture related skills through Practical Technical and Vocational Trainings” and which aims to provide opportunities for the refugees to earn their livelihoods in the growing Iranian fisheries and aquaculture industry.

“These trainings would, over time, enhance refugees’ financial, human and social capital and will better prepare them to find a sustainable durable solution, either in their own country or elsewhere” said Mr. Nakouzi during his meeting with UNHCR Representative in Tehran.

FAO has also invested considerable resources and technical assistance to integrate nutrition and health into schools to promote lifelong healthy eating and has been for decades promoting garden-based learning in schools for improved knowledge on nutrition and healthy life styles and agricultural skills not only among school children, but also among teachers and parents, and has been encouraging schools to create moderate-sized learning gardens for the production of a variety of fruits and vegetables -with a focus on producing micronutrient-rich vegetables and fruits- using simple techniques that are environmentally friendly.

Considering the peaceful coexistence of Afghan refugees and Iranians in the host community, FAO is also working on another project called “School Gardens for Better Nutrition in Iran for Afghan Refugees” that sees schools as golden opportunities for children of both the host community and the refugee community, to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills for them to develop into healthy, self-reliant and productive members of society.

The Government of Islamic Republic of Iran is contributing significantly to support a large community of Afghan refugees hosted in the country offering them with various livelihoods opportunities, recognizing the need to empower them to earn a decent living and to positively contribute to the society during their stay in the country.

FAO officially entered the SSAR partnership at the end of August, bringing the total number of partners to 29 including governmental organizations, UN agencies, National and International Non-Governmental Organizations.

 

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6 September 2016 - The Republic of Korea supports protection and humanitarian assistance to Afghan refugee girls in Iran

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of the Republic of Korea has reaffirmed its commitment to supporting Afghan refugees in the Islamic Republic of Iran through the signing of a new Letter of Understanding with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Iran on Monday 5 September 2016.

MOFA of the Republic of Korea will provide a voluntary financial contribution of 6 million US dollars (USD 6,000,000) to the UNHCR project “Protection and Humanitarian Assistance to Afghan refugee Girls in Iran”. In collaboration with the Bureau for Aliens and Foreign Immigrants Affairs (BAFIA) of the Ministry of Interior of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, this generous contribution will support UNHCR’s humanitarian activities for refugee girls in Iran by improving their health status and self-reliance, and through ensuring their optimal access to education and sustainable livelihoods. The objectives of this project will be achieved through a variety of activities including:

  • Supporting the Universal Public Health Insurance Scheme
  • Providing assistance to maintain health facilities
  • Constructing or renovating schools
  • Supporting the provision of literacy courses
  • Procuring and distributing hygiene kits
  • Procuring and distributing sanitary kits
  • Providing business training to establish home-based enterprises
  • Providing formal vocational training

This generous contribution will be used to fund activities during the project period 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2017, and will be implemented nationwide by UNHCR Iran, in coordination with BAFIA, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education, the Literacy Movement Organization, the Technical and Vocational Training Organization (TVTO) and national NGO partners.

The Ambassador of the Republic of Korea in Iran, Kim Seung-Ho, and UNHCR Representative, Sivanka Dhanapala, marked the occasion by signing a Letter of Understanding on Monday at UNHCR’s country office in Tehran. Also joining the signature ceremony was Ms. Jinyoung Park from the Humanitarian Assistance Division of MOFA. Ms. Park just arrived in Iran as part of a mission to visit refugee assistance projects including health posts, community-based initiatives, TVTO classes, a refugee settlement, and schools in Shiraz and Tehran.

For nearly four decades, the Islamic Republic of Iran has hosted and supported one of the largest urban refugee situations in the world. An estimated 951,000 registered Afghan refugees, 28,000 Iraqi refugees and some 1.5 - 2 million undocumented Afghans are currently living in Iran, many of whom are second or third generation refugees that have never been to Afghanistan. UNHCR has maintained an uninterrupted presence in the country for 32 years, and works in close coordination with BAFIA to provide protection and assistance to Afghan and Iraqi refugees throughout the Islamic Republic of Iran.

 

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شهریور 95 - پشتیبانی جمهوری کره از حمایت و کمک های بشر دوستانه به دختران پناهنده افغان در ایران

16 شهریور 1395، تهران-کمیساریا در ایران: وزارت امور خارجه جمهوری کره  با امضای تفاهم نامه جدیدی با دفتر کمیساریای عالی سازمان ملل در امور پناهندگان در روز دوشنبه 15 شهریور 1395، باری دیگر بر تعهد خود درراستای حمایت از پناهندگان افغان در جمهوری اسلامی ایران تاکید کرد.

وزارت خارجی جمهوری کره به صورت داوطلبانه  کمک مالی 6 میلیون دلاری به پروژه ی کمیساریا به نام "حمایت و کمک های بشر دوستانه به دختران پناهنده افغان در ایران" اعطا می کند. با همکاری اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی وزارت کشور دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران، این کمک سخاوتمندانه از فعالیت های بشردوستانه ی کمیساریا برای دختران پناهنده در ایران در راستای بهبود سطح سلامت و خوداتکایی آنان، تضمین دسترسی بهتر آنان به آموزش و معیشت پایدار، حمایت خواهد کرد؛ اهداف این پروژه از طریق فعالیت های متعددی حاصل می شود که از جمله ی آن ها موارد زیر است:


•    حمایت از طرح بیمه سلامت
•    مساعدت در حفاظت از امکانات بهداشتی درمانی
•    احداث و نوسازی مدارس
•    حمیات از ارائه کلاس های سواد آموزی
•    تهیه و توزیع بسته های بهداشتی
•    تهیه و توزیع بسته های بهداشتی مخصوص بانوان
•    ارائه آموزش های کسب و کار برای ایجاد کار در منزل
•    ارائه آموزش های فنی حرفه ای

این کمک سخاوتمندانه در جهت تامین هزینه ی پروژه هایی طی دوسال از اول ژانویه 2016 تا 31 دسامبر2017 صرف خواهد شد. در سراسر کشور توسط کمیساریا با همکاری اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی، وزارت بهداشت، وزارت آموزش و پرورش، نهضت سواد آموزی، سازمان فنی و حرفه ای و سازمان های غیر دولتی  ایرانی اجرا خواهند شد.
            
به همین مناسبت در روز دوشنبه آقای سیونگ-هو کیم, سفیر جمهوری کره در ایران, و آقای سیوانکا داناپالا, نماینده ی کمیساریا, تفاهم نامه ای رادرمحل دفترکمیساریا در تهران امضا کردند. خانم جیونگ پارک از بخش کمک های بشر دوستانه وزارت امور خارجه کره نیز در این مراسم حضور داشتند. خانم پارک به تازگی جهت بازدید از پروژه های کمک رسانی به پناهندگان از جمله خانه های بهداشت، طرح های جامعه محور، کلاس های فنی حرفه ای، مهمانشهر پناهندگان ومدارس درشیراز و تهران به ایران سفرکرده اند.

جمهوری اسلامی ایران حدود چهار دهه میزبان و حامی یکی از بزرگترین جمعیت های پناهندگان شهری در جهان است. تقریبا 951،000 پناهنده ثبت شده افغان و 28،000 پناهنده عراقی و حدود 1.5 تا 2 میلیون افغان فاقد مدارک قانونی در ایران زندگی می کنند که بسیاری از آن ها نسل دوم و سوم پناهندگانی هستند که هرگز به افغانستان سفر نکرده اند. کمیساریا با 32 سال حضور بی وقفه در ایران و همکاری تنگاتنگ با اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی، از پناهندگان افغان و عراقی در سراسر ایران حمایت می کند.

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19 July 2016 - Refugees transform walls into works of art

Project piloted by UNHCR and the Government of Iran has cleaned up a neighbourhood in one of Iran’s poorest refugee communities.

By: Leah Cowan

19 july 2016 Refugeestransformwallsintoworksofart1The project has instilled a new sense of community between Afghans and Iranians.  © UNHCR/Samar Maleki

SAADI, Iran - Until recently, discriminating graffiti and widespread rubbish problems fuelled social tensions between Iranians and Afghans in the Saadi neighbourhood of Shiraz, Iran. Now, thanks to UNHCR and the Government of Iran, refugees and the local community have come together to transform the area with colourful works of art.

Like much of Iran, the Saadi neighbourhood in Shiraz is home to a large population of Afghan refugees. Public health and hygiene hazards divided its community before the clean-up project began. “It had become custom for Afghans and Iranians to blame each other – verbally and through graffiti and hate slogans – for the problems they saw around them,” recalls Alex Kishara, Head of UNHCR’s Sub-Office in Shiraz.

Hoping to empower residents, UNHCR and the Government of Iran brought together local artists and over 60 community volunteers to design and implement a ‘clean-up and paint-up’ project.

“It had become custom for Afghans and Iranians to blame each other for the problems they saw around them.”

19 july 2016 Refugeestransformwallsintoworksofart4As part of a community-led project, Iranians and Afghan refugees clean up their Saadi neighbourhood in Shiraz, Iran.  © UNHCR/Samar Maleki

The community set to work litter-picking and transforming the hate slogan-ridden walls into striking, colourful murals of art. Two artists – one Iranian, one Afghan – and five art students worked with the children to design and apply the patterns, offering artistic guidance during a week of painting.

Hate slogans and graffiti were soon replaced by skilfully-decorated murals of Iranian and Afghan carpets, as well as other motifs symbolizing shared harmony. One participant, 13-year-old Alireza, painted his favourite mural, portraying a large tree with splayed branches next to a text in Farsi that read: ‘The sons of Adam are limbs of each other, having been created from one essence’.

An Iranian volunteer also offered face-painting and free medical check-ups were provided by an Afghan physician.

While some community members initially showed scepticism and criticised the project as “doomed to fail” or “a waste of time and money”, the murals elicited so much interest that soon many people joined in. “More painting equipment had to be purchased, as many of the initially hesitant residents and landlords were soon keen to participate and see their own walls painted,” says Mr Sharifi, an Afghan artist and designer.

19 july 2016 Refugeestransformwallsintoworksofart3The Saadi neighbourhood is home to a large population of Afghan refugees. © UNHCR/Samar MalekiThe project instilled a new sense of community between Afghans and Iranians. Those who didn’t participate directly in the painting came to the streets to offer refreshments and food to the volunteers. “What is a good city?” said Alireza, during one of the focus group discussions that took place with children during the week. “A good city is made of good citizens”.

“What is a good city? A good city is made of good citizens.”

The project also alleviated some protection concerns. One recently orphaned Afghan, a 13-year-old boy named Mohammad, who had returned to Saadi after falling out with his siblings, became involved in the project thanks to the support of a youth initiative and UNHCR assistance. Mohammed showed such creative talent that his skills were noted by Mr Sharifi and he has now been granted free enrolment at the Sepid Institute of Art.

Iran has shown great generosity in hosting almost 1 million refugees during a protracted refugee situation of almost 40 years. With the support of its government and UNHCR, community-led projects like this one will continue to lead the way.

By Leah Cowan, Iran

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