14 Nov 2018 - WHO Envoy to Iran Highlights Commitment to Serve Vulnerable in Time of Conflicts and Sanctions

  • Published in Health

Dr. Christoph Hamelmann, Representative of World Health Organization (WHO) in Iran by attending a three-day (14-16 November 2018) international congress on “Health for Peace” in Shiraz highlighted the mission of the Organization to promote health, keep the world safe, and serving particularly the vulnerable in the time of conflicts and sanctions.

By referring to the new WHO General Programme of Work for 2019-2023 he said, our three strategic goals are focused on achieving universal health coverage, addressing health emergencies, and promoting healthier populations that will directly contribute to increasing social protection and social cohesion in different countries in the region including the Islamic Republic of Iran.

War and conflicts are a major cause for death and injury, the breakdown of and reduced access to health systems, the increase incidence of communicable diseases, reduced water and sanitation and disease prevention, psychosocial effects and malnutrition.

 “The International Health Regulations play an important role for health, peace and security and we encourage and support all Member States in their commitment and obligation to implement them as signatories” Dr. Hamelmann said.

The Representative of WHO underscored: “we understand our role as advocate for the basic human right to health and a life in peace, security and protection, as one important voice of the United Nation family in a world of increasing conflict affecting in particular the most vulnerable populations, whether this in a context of sanctions, of armed conflicts or even direct attacks on the health workforce in humanitarian settings”.

He also made reference to a Nov 8 WHO press release on the critical health situation in Yemen quoting Dr. Ahmed Al-Mandhari, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean urging all parties in the conflict in Yemen to respect their legal obligations under the International Humanitarian Law to ensure the protection of health workers, patients, health facilities, ambulances, and communities and to facilitate humanitarian access to areas where people need our help most.

The WHO Emergency Risk Management and Humanitarian Response department works closely with Member States, international partners, and local institutions to help communities prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from emergencies, disasters and crises.

On the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with 17 goals, among them goal 16 calling for the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, for access to justice for all and for building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels, and among them goal 3 calling for ensuring healthy lives and well-being for all at all ages.

The International Congress on Health for Peace that has been hosted by Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in collaboration with the Health and Medical Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran brought together a considerable number of medical experts and representatives from foundations and practitioners active in the realm of health from WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, International Committee of the Red Cross and some non-governmental international organizations.


30 October 2018 - More than 90% of the world’s children breathe toxic air every day

  • Published in Health

Every day around 93% of the world’s children under the age of 15 years (1.8 billion children) breathe air that is so polluted it puts their health and development at serious risk. Tragically, many of them die: WHO estimates that in 2016, 600,000 children died from acute lower respiratory infections caused by polluted air.

A new WHO report on Air pollution and child health: Prescribing clean air examines the heavy toll of both ambient (outside) and household air pollution on the health of the world’s children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The report is being launched on the eve of WHO’s first ever Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health. 

It reveals that when pregnant women are exposed to polluted air, they are more likely to give birth prematurely, and have small, low birth-weight children. Air pollution also impacts neurodevelopment and cognitive ability and can trigger asthma, and childhood cancer. Children who have been exposed to high levels of air pollution may be at greater risk for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease later in life.

“Polluted air is poisoning millions of children and ruining their lives,” says Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “This is inexcusable. Every child should be able to breathe clean air so they can grow and fulfil their full potential.”

One reason why children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of air pollution is that they breathe more rapidly than adults and so absorb more pollutants.  

They also live closer to the ground, where some pollutants reach peak concentrations – at a time when their brains and bodies are still developing.

Newborns and young children are also more susceptible to household air pollution in homes that regularly use polluting fuels and technologies for cooking, heating and lighting

“Air Pollution is stunting our children’s brains, affecting their health in more ways than we suspected. But there are many straight-forward ways to reduce emissions of dangerous pollutants ,” says Dr Maria Neira, Director, Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health at WHO.

“WHO is supporting implementation of health-wise policy measures like accelerating the switch to clean cooking and heating fuels and technologies, promoting the use of cleaner transport, energy-efficient housing and urban planning. We are preparing the ground for low emission power generation, cleaner, safer industrial technologies and better municipal waste management, ” she added.

Key findings:

  • Air pollution affects neurodevelopment, leading to lower cognitive test outcomes, negatively affecting mental and motor development.
  • Air pollution is damaging children’s lung function, even at lower levels of exposures
  • Globally, 93% of the world’s children under 15 years of age are exposed to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) levels above WHO air quality guidelines, which include the 630 million of children under 5 years of age, and 1.8 billion of children under 15 years
  • In low- and middle-income countries around the world, 98% of all children under 5 are exposed to PM2.5 levels above WHO air quality guidelines. In comparison, in high-income countries, 52% of children under 5 are exposed to levels above WHO air quality guidelines.
  • More than 40% of the world’s population – which includes for 1 billion children under 15 -  is exposed to high levels of household air pollution from mainly cooking with polluting technologies and fuels.
  • About 600’000 deaths in children under 15 years of age were attributed to the joint effects of ambient and household air pollution in 2016.
  • Together, household air pollution from cooking and ambient (outside) air pollution cause more than 50% of acute lower respiratory infections in children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Air pollution is one of the leading threats to child health, accounting for almost 1 in 10 deaths in children under five years of age.

WHO’s First Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health, which opens in Geneva on Tuesday 30 October will provide the opportunity for world leaders; ministers of health, energy, and environment; mayors; heads of intergovernmental organizations; scientists and others to commit to act against this serious health threat, which shortens the lives of around 7 million people each year. Actions should include:

  • Action by the health sector to inform, educate, provide resources to health professionals, and engage in inter-sectoral policy making.
  • Implementation of policies to reduce air pollution: All countries should work towards  meeting WHO global air quality guidelines to enhance the health and safety of children. To achieve this, governments should adopt such measures as reducing the over-dependence on fossil fuels in the global energy mix, investing in improvements in energy efficiency and facilitating the uptake of renewable energy sources. Better waste management can reduce the amount of waste that is burned within communities and thereby reducing ‘community air pollution’. The exclusive use of clean technologies and fuels for household cooking, heating and lighting activities can drastically improve the air quality within homes and in the surrounding community.
  • Steps to minimize children’s exposure to polluted air: Schools and playgrounds should be located away from major sources of air pollution like busy roads, factories and power plants. 



بهمن 96 - مسابقه نقاشی روز جهانی سلامت 1397

دانش آموز عزیز

هرساله مراسم روز جهانی سلامت در روز 7 آوریل میلادی برگزار می شود. 7 آوریل روزی است که سازمان جهانی بهداشت در سال 1948 میلادی یا 1327 شمسی تاسیس شده است.در هرسال موضوعی خاص که اولویت بهداشت عمومی را نشان می دهد، انتخاب میشود و موضوع امسال، "پوشش همگانی سلامت"، با شعار "سلامت برای همه" انتخاب شده است.این روز فرصتی برایهمه افراد در تمام جامعه فراهم می کند تا در فعالیت هایی که باعث ارتقا سلامت می شود مشارکت کنند.

دفتر منطقه ای سازمان جهانی بهداشت از شما دوست عزیز دعوت می کند تا در مسابقه هنری "پوشش همگانی سلامت" شرکت نمایید. برای شرکت دراین مسابقه خواهشمندیم، ابتدا اطلاعات زیر را به دقت مطالعه، سپس این اطلاعات تخصصی را با استفاده از مهارت و قدرت تخیل خلاقانه خود به اثری هنری تبدیل نمایید. پیشنهاد می کنیم تا در مورد ایده خود با والدین، دبیران و همکلاسی های خود نیز مشورت نموده، تا برداشت و درک بهتری از این موضوع پیدا کنید و آن را به شکل هنری ارائه نمایید.

پوشش همگانی سلامت چیست؟

پوشش همگانی سلامت به این معنی است که؛ همه افراد جامعه، خدمات مورد نیاز سلامت را بی هیچ فشار مالی دریافت کنند.

پوشش همگانی سلامت، همه را به دسترسی خدماتی که مهمترین دلیل مرگ و بیماری است قادر می سازد. خدماتی که به اندازه کافی با کیفیت است و باعث بهتر شدن وضعیت سلامت افراد دریافت کننده خدمت می شود.

زمانی که مردم بیشترهزینه های خدمات سلامت را باید از جیبشان بپردازند، این امرباعث می شود افراد کم درآمد بیشتر وقت ها خدمات مورد نیازشان را دریافت نکنند، حتی افراد با درآمد متوسط و بالا نیز دچار مشکلات مالی شوند در زمانی که بیماری شدید و طولانی مدت دارند.

حفاظت مردم در مقابل پرداخت هزینه های سلامت از جیبشان، خطر فقرو نداری را کاهش می دهد. چرا که بیماری ناخواسته باعث استفاده از پس انداز، فروش سرمایه و یا گرفتن وام برای تامین هزینه می شود که این امراثر منفی در آینده فرد و فرزندانشان دارد.

چرا روی پوشش همگانی سلامت تمرکز شده؟

  1. پوشش همگانی سلامت بر اساس اساسنامه سازمان جهانی بهداشت در سال 1948 تعریف شده است، که سلامتی را حق اصلی بشر می داند و تعهدیست که مطمئن شویم همه به بالاترین سطح قابل دستیابی سلامت می رسند.
  2. با این وجود، هنوز حدود 100 میلیون نفر به دلیل پرداخت هزینه های سلامتشان به فقر مطلق دچارمی شوند.
  3. دست کم نیمی از جمعیت جهان از دسترسی کامل به خدمات اولیه سلامت محروم هستند.
  4. سلامتی کامل به کودکان امکان یادگیری داده، به بزرگسالان امکان کسب درآمد و کمک به فرار از فقر و نداری می کند. سلامت پایه اساس توسعه اقتصادی درازمدت است.

حصول اطمینان از پوشش سلامت برای همه مردم

کشورها می توانند کارهایی انجام دهند تا با سرعت بیشتری به سمت پوشش همگانی سلامت پیش رفته و سلامتی همه افراد را بهبود وموفقیت های بدست آمده را حفظ کنند.

نظام بهداشتیدر تمامیکشورها درجهت رسیدن به پوشش همگانی سلامت نیاز به تقویت دارد.

اگر منابع مالی مختلف مانند مالیات، سهم بیمه در یک صندوق مشخص جمع آوری شود، پرداخت هزینه های مراقبت سلامت برای افرادی که نیاز دارند از این محل امکان پذیر می شود. این امر کمک به تقسیم بار مالی بین جمعیت و نیز حفاظت مالی بیشتر می شود.

شرایط شرکت در مسابقه:

  • آثار ارسالی به شکل نقاشی یا طرح ترسیم شده توسط دانش آموزان 8 الی 18 ساله پذیرفته میشود.
  • آثار هنری باید روی کاغذ مناسب ارسال شوند. (اندازه کاغذ بهتر است آ4 یا آ3 باشد)
  • این آثار میتوانند به نشانی دفتر سازمان جهانی بهداشت در ایران (در پایین این صفحه درج شده) و یا به اداره کل روابط بین الملل وزارت بهداشت درمان و آموزش پزشکی ارسال گردند تا به دفتر منطقه‌ مدیترانه شرقی این سازمان در کشور مصر فرستاده شوند.
  • آخرین مهلت ارسال آثار (تحویل به دفتر پست) تا پایان بهمن‌ماه 1396 می‌باشد.
  • نقاشی‌ها بر اساس گروه‌های سنی زیر تفکیک خواهند شد: 8و9 سال، 10و11 سال، 12و13 سال، 14و15 سال، و 16 الی 18 سال.
  • نقاشی‌های ارسالی توسط هیئت داوران در محل دفترمنطقه‌ای این سازمان مستقر در شهر قاهره کشور مصر بررسی شده و برندگان انتخاب می‌شوند.
  • آثار ارسالی به هیچ صورت مسترد نخواهند شد.
  • سازمان جهانی بهداشت حق استفاده از آثار دریافتی اعم از برنده یا غیر از آن را برای خود محفوظ می‌دارد.
  •  فرم پیوست حاوی اطلاعات ذیل باید به پشت یکایک آثار ارسالی الصاق شده باشد (اندازه اصلی فرم فرم را روی کاغذ A5 یا A4 چاپ کرده و پس از پر کردن مشخصات خود به پشت نقاشی خود بچسبانید):
  1. نام کامل شرکت کننده
  2. کشور محل اقامت
  3. سن شرکت کننده
  4. نشانی کامل منزل
  5. نام و نشانی مدرسه و شماره تلفن تماس
  6.  نام و شماره تماس ولیِ قانونی شرکت کننده

اطلاعات بالا بطور واضح و خوانا نوشته و یا ترجیحاً تایپ شوند. توجه: آثار ارسال شده بدون فرم پیوست، درمسابقه شرکت داده نمی‌شوند.

به روال معمول هر سال، جوایز برندگان مسابقه به‌ترتیب 200 ، 175، 150، 125، و 100 دلار امریکا و همراه با تقدیرنامه کتبی خواهد بود. ضمناً نمایشگاهی از آثار برنده در محل ساختمان این سازمان در شهر قاهره برگزار خواهد شد.

سخنی با مدارس و معلمان گرامی

با وجود اینکه همۀ دانش آموزان به شرکت در این مسابقه ترغیب و تشویق می‌شوند تا آگاهی‌شان نسبت به موضوع مسابقه ارتقاء یابد،
از مدارس تقاضا می‌شود تنها نقاشی‌های منتخب را ارسال کرده و از فرستادن تمامی آثار دریافت شده خودداری نمایند.

باید به دانش آموزان کمک شود تا فرم‌ها را خوانا، واضح و بطور کامل پر‌کنند.

فرم شرکت در مسابقه

روی یکی از پیوندهای زیر کلیک کرده و فرم شرکت در مسابقه را دانلود و روی کاغذ A5 یا A4 چاپ کنید.

 فرمت PDF یا به صورت فایل عکس JPG

(این فرم را دانلود و روی کاغذ A5 چاپ کرده و پس از نوشتن مشخصات خود، آن را به پشت نقاشی خود بچسبانید)

برای ارسال میتوانید از نشانی زیر استفاده کنید:

 دفتر سازمان جهانی بهداشت در ایران (تهران، صندوق پستی 1565-14665)

و یا به صورت زیر چاپ کنید:


19 Feb 2018 - Universal Health Coverage: everyone, everywhere

  • Published in Other

Theme of the World Health Day 2018 has been selected as "Universal Health Coverage: everyone, everywhere" is order to highlight the slogan of Health For All. 

A regional art competition on this subject has been launched, in which all students in the countries of Eastern Mediterranean Region are invited to submit their drawings.

In I.R.Iran, the announcement is shared via Ministry of Health and Medical Education and Ministry of Education, with schools across the country by which students at age between 8 and 18 are encouraged to participate in this drawing competition.


16 Nov 2017 - WHO airlifts medical supplies to treat wounded in Islamic Republic of Iran-Iraq earthquake

  • Published in Other

16 November 2017, Cairo, Egypt – WHO has airlifted trauma kits and medical supplies to the Islamic Republic of Iran to support the treatment of thousands people injured as a result of the recent earthquake in the  Islamic Republic of Iran-Iraq border region. 

The supplies, enough to provide surgical care for up to 4000 trauma patients, were transported from WHO’s emergency logistical centre in Dubai to Kermanshah province in western Islamic Republic of Iran on 16 November at 10.30am local time. They were immediately delivered to hospitals and other health facilities receiving the injured.  

“Additional trauma kits are available in WHO’s emergency logistical centre in Dubai and will be delivered as needed to health facilities reporting shortages. Special emphasis will also be given to identifying specific health needs as a result of current colder temperatures in affected areas,” said Dr Michel Thieren, WHO Regional Emergency Director. “While there is no direct link between earthquakes and disease outbreaks, close monitoring for cases of infectious diseases, especially waterborne diseases, is also required.”

Almost 9400 people in the Islamic Republic of Iran were injured as a result of the earthquake, including more than 1000 people hospitalized in Kermanshah province with serious injuries, and 340 more who were transferred to hospitals in neighbouring provinces, including Tehran.

The two cities of Sar Pol Zahab and Ghasr Shirin in Kermanshah province, with a total population of almost 115 000 people, are reported to have suffered considerable damage, with almost 80% of infrastructure destroyed. One main hospital in the province was forced to close, and 49 more health facilities were damaged, but remain open.

In Iraq, the earthquake was felt in the major cities of Sulaimaniyah, Halabja, Erbil and Duhok, with a total of 8 fatalities and 525 people injured.  Darbandikhan in northern Sulaimaniyah was most affected, with damages to Darbandikhan hospital and Sharazoor maternity hospital.  

Immediately following the earthquake, WHO’s office in Iraq deployed a medical team and three ambulances, and delivered 4 tents and emergency lifesaving supplies sufficient for 200 surgical operations, to hospitals in Sulaimaniyah governorate receiving critical cases. 

WHO continues to work closely with national health authorities in the Islamic Republic of Iran and Iraq to monitor the health impact of the earthquake and respond to urgent needs. 



25 Oct 2017 - UN working with Iran to build emergency medical teams to halt epidemic outbreaks

  • Published in Health

Remember those movies where an international epidemic breaks out and the international community “surges” a medical response team instantly to solve the problem?

Well, as we know from hard experience, including the recent Ebola pandemic in West Africa, this rarely occurs in real life.

In reality, responses to epidemics and disasters are often too slow, usually uncoordinated, and do not deliver the response to the places in greatest need.

That is why, back in 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched a system which will ensure quality standards for emergency medical teams (EMTs) in emergency and outbreak settings.  To date over 75 teams have completed the process and are fully classified. 

20171026 unrc01Group photo of the participants

By the end of 2017, the number of such teams is expected to rise to 200.  This will make available to the international community, a potential emergency workforce of over 100,000 people.

Iran has indicated it wants to be part of such a system.  Both to have WHO-accredited EMTs within the country and to be able to supply EMTs in the region in response to potential emergencies and outbreaks, should they occur in neighboring countries.

As part of this process, this week, the WHO – in coordination with Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education and the Iranian Red Crescent Society – organized a training workshop in Tehran to provide guidance on EMT operations, logistics and coordination.  The overall aim is to provide an opportunity for key country health and emergency service leaders and members of Iran’s EMT task force to strengthen national capacity.

Speaking at the concluding ceremony today, UN Resident Coordinator, Gary Lewis said: “It is a sad reality that in medical responses involving direct patient care, ‘good intentions’ are never enough.  EMTs need to be properly trained.  They must have the right equipment and supplies.  This will enable them to work in a safe manner, rather than arriving uncoordinated, not self-sufficient and – instead of helping – becoming a burden on the community affected.” 

International best practice shows that national teams of medical and public health providers are always the most appropriate first responders.  Building on this premise, WHO is advocating for a stronger national and regional system of preparedness and response.

“This will save more lives, and the work will be carried out in a more culturally-appropriate manner,” Mr. Lewis said.

For this reason, the WHO EMT initiative does not only focus on international responders.  In fact, its main emphasis is to strengthen the national EMTs and public-health, rapid-response system.  It will also strengthen the Ministry of Health’s ability to identify, accept and coordinate elements of the global health emergency workforce consistent with its needs.

Following the workshop, Iran’s Ministry of Health will create a working group/task force to manage the initiative. 

The next steps after this will be to develop and accredit national EMTs, while enhancing the capacity of existing EMTs to be quality-assured by WHO and join the global registry of verified teams ready for international deployment.

In time, the ability of countries to really – and effectively – and quickly – respond to future emergencies and outbreaks will no longer be confined to events depicted on the silver screen.  They will be an actual reality on the ground.


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