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سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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آذر 97 - همکاری کارگزای های ملل متحد به منظور پیشگیری و درمان مصرف مواد مخدر در میان کودکان

دفتر مقابله با مواد مخدر و جرم سازمان ملل متحد در جمهوری اسلامی ایران، صندوق کودکان سازمان ملل متحد در جمهوری اسلامی ایران و سازمان بهداشت جهانی در جمهوری اسلامی ایران، تفاهم نامه بین سازمانی مشترکی را برای تدوین یک پروژه مشترک به منظور پیشگیری و درمان مصرف مواد مخدر در میان کودکان و خانواده هایشان به امضا می رسانند.

این رویداد در تاریخ 12 آذر 2018 (3 دسامبر 2018) در مرکز بین المللی همایش های برج میلاد در تهران، در حاشیه نشست سالانه عالی چارچوب همکاری های توسعه ای سازمان ملل متحد و با حمایت وزارت امور خارجه جمهوری اسلامی ایران برگزار شد. رؤسای دفاتر مختلف سازمان ملل متحد و نمایندگانی از همتایان کشوری ذیربط در این رویداد شرکت کردند.

چارچوب همکاری های توسعه ای سازمان ملل متحد در جمهوری اسلامی ایران (2021-2017) بستر مناسبی را برای اجرای برنامه ها و پروژه های مشترک فراهم می کند. در حال حاضر دفاتر سازمان ملل متحد در ایران تحت رکن چهارم این چارچوب با عنوان "کنترل مواد مخدر" پیرامون پیشگیری و درمان مواد مخدر با هم همکاری می کنند.

هدف اصلی از این تفاهم نامه بین سازمانی، ایجاد چارچوبی برای تقویت همکاری میان این سه دفتر سازمان ملل متحد پیرامون پیشگیری و درمان مصرف مواد مخدر میان کودکان و خانواده هایشان است. همکاری مشترک میان این سه دفتر ملل متحد از ماهیت بشردوستانه برخوردار است و به همتایان کشوری در حمایت از گروه های آسیب پذیر در ایران کمک می کند.

در قالب این چارچوب، این سه دفتر ملل متحد می بایست فعالیت ها، پروژه ها و برنامه های ویژه ای را تعریف کنند و برای جذب منابع مالی آنها اقدام لازم را انجام دهند. این فعالیت ها می بایست با روحیه همکاری و تعهد مشترک اجرا شوند تا بتوانند همکاری میان این سه دفتر سازمان ملل متحد تحت رکن چهارم چارچوب همکاری های توسعه ای سازمان ملل متحد در جمهوری اسلامی ایران (2021-2017)، "کنترل مواد مخدر" را گسترش دهند.

 

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3 Dec 2018 - Joint UN collaboration on prevention and treatment of drug use among children

  • Published in Drugs

The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime in the Islamic Republic of Iran, United Nations Children Fund in the Islamic Republic of Iran and World Health Organization in the Islamic Republic of Iran have signed Interoffice Memorandum on developing a joint project focused on prevention and treatment of drug use among children and their families. This joint Interoffice Memorandum became as the first internal UN protocol in Iran on cooperation signed by three UN agencies after announcement of the UN Development Reform.

The ceremony took place in Tehran in Milad Tower International Convention Center on 3 December 2018, as a part of United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF) High Level Steering Committee Annual Meeting, with the support of the Islamic Republic of Iran Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Heads of different United Nations agencies and senior representatives from relevant national counterparts in Iran attended the event.

The UNDAF in the Islamic Republic of Iran (2017-2021) provides platform for implementation of joint programmes and projects. UN Agencies in Iran are already collaborating in the area of drug prevention and treatment under the Pillar -IV of the UNDAF Iran named as “Drug Control”.

The main objective of this Interoffice Memorandum is to develop a framework for strengthening partnership among the three UN agencies in prevention and treatment of drug use among children and their families. The joint collaboration among UN parties has humanitarian nature and will help national partners to support protection of vulnerable groups in the country.  

Within this framework the agencies should develop and fundraise for specific activities to be implemented in a spirit of cooperation and common commitment to broaden the inherent collaboration of these agencies under the UNDAF in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Pillar-IV “Drug Control”.

 

 

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21 Nov 2018 - Iran Hosts First WHO Training of Trainer program on Emergency Unit Management in Region

  • Published in Health

World Health Organization (WHO) in collaboration with the Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical Education today started conducting a four-day (21-24 November 2018) Training of Trainer (ToT) program on Emergency Unit Management in Kish Island to empower capacity of the relevant institutes and individuals in the country as the first move in the region.

Dr Christoph Hamelmann, WHO Representative to Iran in a message to the opening ceremony of the program by underscoring the importance of enhancing the resilience of national health systems through integrating emergency and disaster risk management into primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare said: “resilience is an emerging concept and resilience of hospitals can be defined as their ability to resist, absorb, and respond to the shock of emergencies and disasters while maintaining critical functionality and then to recover to their original state or adapt to a new one”.

“Therefore, the leadership and management capacity building of hospital and emergency unit managers in preparedness and response to emergencies, and management of their healthcare services is critical for the resilient health systems” he added.

Dr Hamelmann reiterated that in addition to their routine functions, emergency units play a critical role in crisis and disaster situations, and the Islamic Republic of Iran has faced a significant number of them in the last decades.

Elsewhere in his remarks the WHO Representative to the country, referred to the program in Kish Island and said that implementation of this Training of Trainer program would ultimately build capacity in a standardized way and to ensure high quality service delivery throughout the country.

Dr Tavakolli, Head of Iranian Society of Emergency Medicine as the key figure from the national stakeholder’s side emphasized the importance of the course and acknowledged the technical support provided by WHO both at country office and regional levels.

Dr Hamid Ravaghi, regional advisor for hospital care and management at WHO EMRO as another speaker of the event also highlighted that Improving Emergency Unit (EU) management will enhance quality and efficiency and accelerate moving towards integrated people centered health services.

Dr Keyhan Golshani, who was attending the Training of Trainer (ToT) program as a national facilitator from Isfahan University of Medical Sciences by referring to the added value of the event said “this workshop equips EU managers with most updated and critical leadership and managerial skills for effective continuous quality improvement”.

The program aimed to cover objectives such as: training national cadre of trainers who will assist Iranian Ministry of Health and Medical education to roll out the Hospital Emergency Unit  management; establishing a system for training health facility personnel and other relevant stakeholders for emergency unit management according to standard updated protocols and develop a training package that will enhance quality training standards on Emergency Unit   management and also introducing and sharing lessons learnt and international experiences regarding Emergency Unit management.

The Emergency Unit (EU) is a unique, busy and complex environment that provides emergency care to the people 24 hours a day and 7 days a week. It consists of a vast variety of interactions. The skilled providers that work in emergency units deal with a spectrum of processes and critical situations that confront them with highly unpredicted decision making situations in a chaotic environment.

Thirty national trainers (emergency unit managers) and 4 international participants (Somalia, Iraq, Afghanistan and Libya) have been attending the workshop who would contribute to rolling out the program in the concerned countries.

The Emergency Units are responsible for at least 40 percent of hospital admissions and sometimes it reaches to more than 90 percent in large referral national hospitals. In the Islamic Republic of Iran, the units are facing significant numbers of natural, environmental and man-made emergencies throughout a year.

 

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20 Nov 2018 - WHO Ready to Assist Iran in Improving Road Safety Measures

  • Published in Health

Representative of World Health Organization (WHO) in Iran, today at the 4th National Traffic and Safety Conference expressed readiness of WHO to expand supporting Iran in reduction of road traffic fatalities and injuries. 

During his opening remarks addressing hundreds of high ranking officers and experts of University of Traffic Police, Dr. Christoph Hamelmann underscored that currently WHO is working with the Ministry of Health and Medical Education and other stakeholders including Police Department of the Islamic Republic of Iran (NAJA) on the implementation of key components of the national road safety plan that includes Improvements of emergency care, road safety reports and the work on an integrated traffic injury registry.

He referred to the national Road Safety Strategic Plan (2011-2020) of Iran that has 14 strategic objectives mainly on speed management, motorists’ and pedestrians’ safety, development of a comprehensive crash data bank, road infrastructure safety, vehicle safety, and post-crash management and said: “within 2 years the strategic plan would need a revision and WHO is ready to support this process”.

More than 90% of global traffic fatalities occur in low and middle-income countries, which own only 48% of the world’s registered vehicles.

The proportion of traffic injuries in Iran is higher than in most other parts of the eastern Mediterranean region and elsewhere in the world, and is one of the country’s most serious problems.

To save millions of lives the UN General Assembly proclaimed the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011–2020. It evolves around five pillars including building road safety management capacity; improving the safety of road infrastructure; further developing the safety of vehicles; enhancing the behavior of road users; and improving post-crash response.

In 2018 more than 1.25 million people lost their lives on the world’s roads which is among the top 5 leading causes of death in Iran.

On 18th of November the World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims (WDoR) 2018 with the theme "Roads have stories" was commemorated across to world to increase awareness on importance of Safer Roads & Mobility.

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14 Nov 2018 - WHO Envoy to Iran Highlights Commitment to Serve Vulnerable in Time of Conflicts and Sanctions

  • Published in Health

Dr. Christoph Hamelmann, Representative of World Health Organization (WHO) in Iran by attending a three-day (14-16 November 2018) international congress on “Health for Peace” in Shiraz highlighted the mission of the Organization to promote health, keep the world safe, and serving particularly the vulnerable in the time of conflicts and sanctions.

By referring to the new WHO General Programme of Work for 2019-2023 he said, our three strategic goals are focused on achieving universal health coverage, addressing health emergencies, and promoting healthier populations that will directly contribute to increasing social protection and social cohesion in different countries in the region including the Islamic Republic of Iran.

War and conflicts are a major cause for death and injury, the breakdown of and reduced access to health systems, the increase incidence of communicable diseases, reduced water and sanitation and disease prevention, psychosocial effects and malnutrition.

 “The International Health Regulations play an important role for health, peace and security and we encourage and support all Member States in their commitment and obligation to implement them as signatories” Dr. Hamelmann said.

The Representative of WHO underscored: “we understand our role as advocate for the basic human right to health and a life in peace, security and protection, as one important voice of the United Nation family in a world of increasing conflict affecting in particular the most vulnerable populations, whether this in a context of sanctions, of armed conflicts or even direct attacks on the health workforce in humanitarian settings”.

He also made reference to a Nov 8 WHO press release on the critical health situation in Yemen quoting Dr. Ahmed Al-Mandhari, WHO Regional Director for the Eastern Mediterranean urging all parties in the conflict in Yemen to respect their legal obligations under the International Humanitarian Law to ensure the protection of health workers, patients, health facilities, ambulances, and communities and to facilitate humanitarian access to areas where people need our help most.

The WHO Emergency Risk Management and Humanitarian Response department works closely with Member States, international partners, and local institutions to help communities prevent, prepare for, respond to, and recover from emergencies, disasters and crises.

On the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, with 17 goals, among them goal 16 calling for the promotion of peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, for access to justice for all and for building effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels, and among them goal 3 calling for ensuring healthy lives and well-being for all at all ages.

The International Congress on Health for Peace that has been hosted by Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in collaboration with the Health and Medical Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran brought together a considerable number of medical experts and representatives from foundations and practitioners active in the realm of health from WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, International Committee of the Red Cross and some non-governmental international organizations.

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30 October 2018 - More than 90% of the world’s children breathe toxic air every day

  • Published in Health

Every day around 93% of the world’s children under the age of 15 years (1.8 billion children) breathe air that is so polluted it puts their health and development at serious risk. Tragically, many of them die: WHO estimates that in 2016, 600,000 children died from acute lower respiratory infections caused by polluted air.

A new WHO report on Air pollution and child health: Prescribing clean air examines the heavy toll of both ambient (outside) and household air pollution on the health of the world’s children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The report is being launched on the eve of WHO’s first ever Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health. 

It reveals that when pregnant women are exposed to polluted air, they are more likely to give birth prematurely, and have small, low birth-weight children. Air pollution also impacts neurodevelopment and cognitive ability and can trigger asthma, and childhood cancer. Children who have been exposed to high levels of air pollution may be at greater risk for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease later in life.

“Polluted air is poisoning millions of children and ruining their lives,” says Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “This is inexcusable. Every child should be able to breathe clean air so they can grow and fulfil their full potential.”

One reason why children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of air pollution is that they breathe more rapidly than adults and so absorb more pollutants.  

They also live closer to the ground, where some pollutants reach peak concentrations – at a time when their brains and bodies are still developing.

Newborns and young children are also more susceptible to household air pollution in homes that regularly use polluting fuels and technologies for cooking, heating and lighting

“Air Pollution is stunting our children’s brains, affecting their health in more ways than we suspected. But there are many straight-forward ways to reduce emissions of dangerous pollutants ,” says Dr Maria Neira, Director, Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health at WHO.

“WHO is supporting implementation of health-wise policy measures like accelerating the switch to clean cooking and heating fuels and technologies, promoting the use of cleaner transport, energy-efficient housing and urban planning. We are preparing the ground for low emission power generation, cleaner, safer industrial technologies and better municipal waste management, ” she added.

Key findings:

  • Air pollution affects neurodevelopment, leading to lower cognitive test outcomes, negatively affecting mental and motor development.
  • Air pollution is damaging children’s lung function, even at lower levels of exposures
  • Globally, 93% of the world’s children under 15 years of age are exposed to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) levels above WHO air quality guidelines, which include the 630 million of children under 5 years of age, and 1.8 billion of children under 15 years
  • In low- and middle-income countries around the world, 98% of all children under 5 are exposed to PM2.5 levels above WHO air quality guidelines. In comparison, in high-income countries, 52% of children under 5 are exposed to levels above WHO air quality guidelines.
  • More than 40% of the world’s population – which includes for 1 billion children under 15 -  is exposed to high levels of household air pollution from mainly cooking with polluting technologies and fuels.
  • About 600’000 deaths in children under 15 years of age were attributed to the joint effects of ambient and household air pollution in 2016.
  • Together, household air pollution from cooking and ambient (outside) air pollution cause more than 50% of acute lower respiratory infections in children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Air pollution is one of the leading threats to child health, accounting for almost 1 in 10 deaths in children under five years of age.

WHO’s First Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health, which opens in Geneva on Tuesday 30 October will provide the opportunity for world leaders; ministers of health, energy, and environment; mayors; heads of intergovernmental organizations; scientists and others to commit to act against this serious health threat, which shortens the lives of around 7 million people each year. Actions should include:

  • Action by the health sector to inform, educate, provide resources to health professionals, and engage in inter-sectoral policy making.
  • Implementation of policies to reduce air pollution: All countries should work towards  meeting WHO global air quality guidelines to enhance the health and safety of children. To achieve this, governments should adopt such measures as reducing the over-dependence on fossil fuels in the global energy mix, investing in improvements in energy efficiency and facilitating the uptake of renewable energy sources. Better waste management can reduce the amount of waste that is burned within communities and thereby reducing ‘community air pollution’. The exclusive use of clean technologies and fuels for household cooking, heating and lighting activities can drastically improve the air quality within homes and in the surrounding community.
  • Steps to minimize children’s exposure to polluted air: Schools and playgrounds should be located away from major sources of air pollution like busy roads, factories and power plants. 

 

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