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5 July 2017 - Text of Tehran Ministerial Declaration

 We, the Ministers and high-level representatives participating in the International Conference on Combating Sand and Dust Storms:

Having met in Tehran to exchange views, share experiences and best practices on combating Sand and Dust Storms and to contribute to global and regional efforts to put forward a concerted and collective response to this serious challenge.

Recalling the UNGA Resolutions 70/195, 71/219, UNEA II Resolution 2/21 and WMO Congress Decision Cg-XV/, UNESCAP Resolution 72/7 in which Sand and Dust Storms has been acknowledged to be posing a daunting challenge to the sustainable development of affected countries including and in particular in Asia and Africa and that coordinated prompt measures are needed to address it at national, regional and global levels.

Acknowledging that Sand and Dust Storms, which are on the rise in terms of severity and frequency in many parts of the world, are detrimental to human health, agricultural land, livelihoods, coastal and marine environment, infrastructure, and the socio-economic systems, in all affected countries.

Fully aware that Sand and Dust Storms occur due to natural biogeochemical cycles of the Earth and human-induced factors, including climate change, and unsustainable land management and water use.

Recognizing the negative impacts of Sand and Dust Storms on some countries and regions that are far away from their hot spots, due to their trans-boundary nature.

Further recognising that combating the challenge of Sand and Dust Storms requires concerted and collaborative global, regional and sub-regional as well as national responses to address this phenomenon and also underlining the role of United Nations in promoting international cooperation and partnerships among countries and other relevant stakeholders to combat Sand and Dust Storms.

Agree to cooperate on combating Sand and Dust Storms at sub-regional regional, and international levels on the following:

  1. Share information, lessons learnt and best practices, exchange views and expertise, develop mitigation and adaptation policies and measures, exchange technical and monitored data and forecasting information to reduce the risk of Sand and Dust Storms.
  1. Strengthen national legal and institutional frameworks to share early warning information of Sand and Dust Storms and raise awareness and promote integrated and synergistic actions across sectors and foster strengthened cooperation among relevant institutions at global, regional and national levels.
  1. Enhance public awareness on the impact and cost of Sand and Dust Storms on human health, agricultural practice, food security, infrastructure, transport and in general socio-economic sectors and the environment and partnerships among relevant stake holders on mitigation of the impacts.
  1. Collectively endeavour to enhance cooperation and coordination at global, regional and sub-regional levels to address the causes and impacts of Sand and Dust Storms including through the promotion of sustainable water use and land management, to reduce future Sand and Dust Storms risks and impacts.
  1. Develop and implement a strategy on disaster risk reduction and resilience to promote sustainable land management and water use in croplands, rangelands, wetlands, deserts as well as rural and urban areas.
  1. Strengthen research activities for effective monitoring, impact based assessment and forecasting and early warning mechanism for Sand and Dust Storms, to address disaster prevention and mitigation and for development of appropriate preparedness and effective response to Sand and dust storms,
  1. Encourage enhanced regional and international cooperation to observe and forecast, mitigate and cope with the adverse effects of Sand and Dust Storms, and seek technical and financial support from the relevant United Nations organisations to that end.
  1. Consider to further develop policy dialogue on responding to the issues of Sand and Dust Storms among interested countries in partnership with relevant international bodies and organizations, including the establishment of a future platform, in synergy with relevant United Nations System.
  1. Recognize the role of the Asian and Pacific Center for the Development of Disaster Information Management (APDIM), regional seas programs and SDS-WAS, to develop human and institutional capacity through strengthened regional cooperation in disaster information management.
  1. Invite the Environment Management Group (EMG) of the UN to consider initiating an inter-agency process involving relevant UN system warranting to prepare a global response to Sand and Dust Storms including a situation analysis, Strategy and an Action Plan. This could result in developing a UN-wide approach in addressing Sand and Dust Storms which can be used as an inter-agency framework for mid- or long-term cooperation and division of labour.
  1. Request the UN General Assembly to consider this declaration for appropriate actions.
  1. Express our deepest gratitude to the Government and people of the Islamic Republic of Iran for the excellent arrangements and the warm hospitality they extended to participants in this important International Conference.

3 July 2017 - WMO supports international conference on sand and dust storms

The World Meteorological Organization is supporting an international conference to bolster international collaboration to combat the growing problem of sand and dust storms.

The conference in Tehran from 3 - 5 July is hosted by the Department of Environment and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, with the cooperation of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, UN Environment, the UN Development Programme, WMO and other UN entities.

Among other priorities, the conference agreed to promote policy dialogue among interested countries in partnership with relevant international bodies and organizations, and work towards a future platform on responding to issues of sand and dust storms, in synergy with the relevant parts of the UN system.

“Sand and dust storms have major impacts on human health, agriculture, and the transport sector, especially aviation services,” said WMO Secretary-General Petteri Taalas in a video message to the conference.  “Because of climate change we see drought more often and that means that the potential for sand and dust storms is growing.”

Mr Taalas said that WMO would continue to promote free exchange of data, observations and know-how to improve sand and dust storm forecasting and so contribute to the greater public good.

Sand and dust storms occur when intensely hot air over the desert causes the lower atmosphere to become unstable, leading to strong winds that stir up vast amounts of loose sand and transporting it for hundreds, sometimes thousands, of miles. Land degradation, desertification and climate change are compounding the problem. Arid and semi- arid regions such as Northern Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, Central Asia and China are worst affected.

WMO set up a Sand and Dust Storm Warning Advisory and Assessment System in 2007 with a network of forecast centers which build on the central role of meteorological services in air quality monitoring. The Barcelona Dust Forecast Center provides forecasts  of sand- and dust-storms for northern Africa, the Middle East and Europe, whilst the Asian centre is operated out of Beijing by the China Meteorological Administration. It has a third center co-hosted by Barbados and USA which is serving North and South America and the Caribbean.

The conference in Tehran follows adoption of a UN General Assembly resolution and aims to share knowledge of the key challenges posted by sand and dust storms; to identify practical solutions and concrete actions to increase resilience; and to promote regional and international parterships to combat sand and dust storms. WMO video on Protecting People from Sand and Dust Storms available here


3 July 2017 - UN Iran launches video on International Conference on Combating Sand and Dust Storms

  • Published in Other

Click here to watch the video.

UN Iran launched a video clip on the occasion of the opening-ceremony of the International Conference on Combating Sand and Dust Storms which was inaugurated today in Tehran by the President of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Dr. Hassan Rouhani.

The video clip includes specialized messages for this conference by:

  1. The United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres.
  2. The Secretary-General of the World Meteorological Organization, Petteri Taalas.
  3. The Under-Secretary-General and Head of United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Wu Hongbo.

Click here to watch the video.


تیر 96 - کنفرانس بین المللی مقابله با طوفان های گرد و غبار

کنفرانس بین المللی مقابله با طوفان های گرد و غبار را سازمان حفاظت محیط زیست و وزارت امور خارجه ی جمهوری اسلامی میزبانی می کنند. این کنفرانس با همکاری کارگزای های مختلف سازمان ملل از جمله اداره امور اجتماعی و اقتصادی ملل متحد، برنامه محیط زیست سازمان ملل و برنامه عمران ملل متحد برگزار می شود.


هدف این کنفرانس بین المللی:

  1. فراخوانی برای رسیدگی به چالش های ناشی از طوفان های گرد و غبار که به بیانیه ای توسط وزرا منتج می شود و
  2. راه کارها و پیشنهادات فنی و تخصصی برای حل این مشکل است.

نقش ایران:

در دسامبر 2016، مجمع عمومی سازمان ملل متحد در قطعنامه خود تصریح کرد:

"هدف جمهوری اسلامی ایران میزبانی کنفرانسی بین المللی با موضوع مقابله با طوفان های گرد و غبار است، که این کنفرانس با همکاری برنامه محیط زیست سازمان ملل متحد، برنامه عمران ملل متحد و اداره امور اجتماعی و اقتصادی ملل متحد و همچنین همکاری باقی کارگزاری های مرتبط سازمان ملل در سال 2017 برگزار خواهد شد."

شرکت کنندگان:

  1. 34 کشور نماینده یا کارشناس برای شرکت در این همایش فرستاده اند.
  2. 11 متخصص و کارشناس از خارج از ایران برای شرکت در این کنفرانس به تهران سفر خواهند کرد.
  3. 15 نماینده از کارگزاری های مختلف سازمان ملل متحد در این کنفرانس بین المللی حضور خواهند داشت.


موضوعاتی که در این کنفرانس بین المللی روی آنها تمرکز خواهد شد:

  1. روند جهانی و منطقه ای طوفان های گرد و غبار همراه با گفتگوی وزرا
  2. تاثیر اجتماعی، اقتصادی و محیطی طوفان های گرد و غبار و هزینه های آن
  3. مشاهده، نظارت، پیش بینی و سیستم های هشدار دهنده زود هنگام
  4. خط مشی، نوآوری های تکنولوژیکی و فرصت های سرمایه گذاری، با توجه به رویکردهای یکپارچه بین بخشی
  5. همکاری بین المللی، منطقه ای و بین بخشی
  6. جمع بندی و راه های پیش رو

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نکات کلیدی:

  1. طوفان های گرد و غبار زمانی اتفاق می افتند که بادهای قوی گرد و غبار را بلند کرده و آنها را وارد جو می کنند.
  2. تخمین زده می شود که سالیانه 2 هزار میلیون تن گرد و غبار وارد جو می شود . این طوفان ها عواقب قابل توجهی که شامل مسائل اجتماعی، اقتصادی، زیست محیطی و سلامت انسان ها می شود را به همراه دارد.
  3. طوفان های گرد و غبار نتیجه چندین عامل وابسته به یکدیگر است که در چندین کشور منطقه قرار دارد.
  4. سالیان سال شیوه های کشاورزی نامناسب، سوء مدیریت منابع آب و تغییرات آب و هوایی همچنان به کاهش پوشش گیاهی، بیابان زایی و خشکسالی کمک می کند که به طور مستقیم به مشکل طوفان های گرد و غبار در منطقه کمک می کند.
  5. افزایش تخریب محیط زیست و تشدید حوادث ناگهانی آب و هوایی ، به ویژه طوفان های گرد و غبار، عوارض زیادی را بر زندگی اجتماعی و اقتصادی و توسعه انسانی در سراسر منطقه وارد می کند.
  6. طوفان های گرد و غبار بر سلامت انسان ها، زمین های کشاورزی، زیرساخت ها و حمل و نقل صدمه وارد می کند.
  7. طوفان های گرد و غبار به هیچ مرزی احترام نمی گذارند.

قطعنامه های بین المللی:

در کنار قطعنامه هایی که برای مقابله با طوفان های گرد و غبار صادر شده اند، موارد زیر در سالیان اخیر به تصویب رسیده اند:

  1. 21 دسامبر 2016 – قطعنامه 71/219 مجمع عمومی سازمان ملل: مبارزه با طوفان‌های شن و غبار
  2. 27 می 2016 – قطعنامه 21/2 مجمع محیط زیست سازمان ملل متحد: طوفان های گرد و غبار
  3. 19 می 2016 – قطعنامه 7/72 شورای اقتصادی و اجتماعی آسیا و اقیانوسیه: همکاری منطقه ای برای مقابله با طوفان های گرد و غبار در آسیا و اقیانوسیه
  4. 22 دسامبر 2015 – قطعنامه 70/195 مجمع عمومی سازمان ملل: مبارزه با طوفان‌های گرد و غبار. در این قطعنامه به ضرورت وجود یک گزارش ارزیابی در مورد طوفان های گرد و غبار اشاره می شود که در سال 2016 این گزارش توسط سه کارگزاری سازمان ملل به نام های WMO, UNEP و UNCCD تهیه شد.

علاوه بر مواردی که بالا ذکر شد، اعلامیه ورزا در آنکارا در سال 2010 و همچنین برنامه های بعدی آن، یک پایگاه جامع برای همکاری های جدید و گسترش آنها را ایجاد کرد. 


2 July 2017 - International Conference on Combating Sand and Dust Storms Iran

The International Conference on Combating Sand and Dust Storms is hosted by the Department of Environment and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, with the cooperation of the United Nations Department of Social and Economic Affairs (DESA), UN Environment (UNEP) and the UN Development Programme(UNDP). 


The purpose of the International Conference is:

  1. to mount a call to action in addressing the challenge posed by sand and dust storms (SDS) resulting in a Ministerial Declaration and
  2. to produce policy options and technical recommendations to solve the problem.

Iran’s role:

In December 2016, the United Nations General Assembly acknowledged in its resolution 71/219:

“the intention of the Islamic Republic of Iran to host an international event on combating sand and dust storms, with the cooperation of the United Nations Environment Programme, the United Nations Development Programme and the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the Secretariat, as well as other relevant United Nations entities, in 2017”.


  • 34 countries will be sending governmental representatives or experts.
  • 11 resource persons / experts will travel from abroad.
  • 15 participants from UN agencies, funds and programme.

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The themes to be addressed at the International Conference will include the following:

  1. Global and regional trends of sand and dust storms (SDS) combined with a Ministerial dialogue.
  2. Social, economic and environmental impact of SDS and their costs.
  3. Observation, monitoring, prediction and early warning systems.
  4. Policy options, technology innovation and investment opportunities, considering cross-sectoral integrated approaches.
  5. Global, regional and cross-sectoral cooperation.
  6. Conclusions and way forward.

Key facts:

  • Sand and Dust Storms (SDS) usually occur when strong winds lift large amounts of sand and dust from bare, dry soils into the atmosphere.
  • An estimated 2,000 million tons of dust is emitted into the atmosphere every year with significant consequences for social, economic and environmental well-being.
  • SDS are the result of several inter-dependent factors, which span across several regional countries.
  • Years of inappropriate farming practices, mismanagement of water resources and climate change continue to contribute to reduced vegetation coverage, desertification and droughts, which directly contribute to the growing regional dust-storm problem.
  • Rising environmental degradation and increasing frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, especially SDS, take an enormous toll on socio-economic life and human development across the region.
  • SDS have damaging effects on human health, agricultural land, infrastructure and transport.
  • SDS do not respect borders.

International Resolutions:

Among notable international resolutions on combating SDS that have been agreed to during recent years are: 

  • 21 December 2016 – United Nations General Assembly Resolution (UNGA) 71/219: Combating sand and dust storms.
  • 27 May 2016 – United Nations Environment Assembly Resolution (UNEA) 2/21: Sand and dust storms.
  • 19 May 2016 – United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) Resolution 72/7: Regional cooperation to combat sand and dust storms in Asia and the Pacific.
  • 22 December 2015 – United Nations General Assembly Resolution (UNGA) 70/195: Combating sand and dust storms. This resolution called for a global assessment of the Sand and Dust Storms (resulting in the UNEP-WMO-UNCCD 2016 report).

In addition to the above, the Ankara Ministerial Declaration (2010) as well as its subsequent Action Plan created a solid basis for continued and possibly expanded cooperation. 

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