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سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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20 June 2017 - War, violence, persecution push displacement to new unprecedented high

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War, violence and persecution worldwide are causing more people than ever to be forcibly displaced, according to a report published today by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency.

UNHCR’s new Global Trends report, the organization’s major annual survey of the state of displacement, says that at the end of 2016 there were 65.6 million people forcibly displaced worldwide – some 300,000 more than a year earlier. This total represents an enormous number of people needing protection worldwide.

The figure of 65.6 million comprises three important components. First is refugee numbers, which at 22.5 million are the highest ever seen. Of these, 17.2 million come under the responsibility of UNHCR, and the remainder are Palestinian refugees registered with our sister-organization UNRWA. Syria’s conflict remains the world’s biggest producer of refugees (5.5 million), however in 2016 the biggest new factor was South Sudan where the disastrous breakdown of peace efforts in July of that year contributed to the outflow of 739,900 people by year’s end (1.87 million today).

Second is displacement of people inside their own countries, whose numbers were 40.3 million at the end of 2016 compared to 40.8 million a year earlier. Syria, Iraq, and the still very significant displacement inside Colombia were the biggest internal displacement situations, nonetheless the problem of internal displacement is a worldwide one and accounts for almost two thirds of the global forced displacement total.

Third is asylum seekers, people who have fled their country and are seeking international protection as refugees. As of the end of 2016 the number of people seeking asylum globally was 2.8 million.

This adds up to an immense human cost of war and persecution globally: 65.6 million means that on average one in every 113 people worldwide is today someone who is displaced – a population bigger than that of the world’s 21st most populous country, the United Kingdom.

“By any measure this is an unacceptable number, and it speaks louder than ever to the need for solidarity and common purpose in preventing and resolving crises, and ensuring together that the world’s refugees, internally displaced and asylum seekers are properly protected and cared for while solutions are pursued,” said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi. “We have to do better for these people. For a world in conflict, what is needed is determination and courage, not fear.”

Among the report’s key findings, is that new displacement in particular remains very high. Of the 65.6 million people forcibly displaced globally, 10.3 million became displaced in 2016, about two-thirds of them (6.9 million) fleeing within their own countries. This equates to one person becoming displaced every 3 seconds – less than the time it takes to read this sentence.

At the same time, returns of refugees and internally displaced people to their homes, combined with other solutions such as resettlement in third countries meant that for some, 2016 brought the prospect of improvement. Some 37 countries together accepted 189,300 refugees for resettlement. Around half a million other refugees were able to return to their home countries, and about 6.5 million internally displaced people to their areas of origin - although many did so in less than ideal circumstances and facing uncertain prospects.

Worldwide, most refugees – 84 per cent – were in low- or middle-income countries as of end 2016, with one in every three (4.9 million people) being hosted by the least developed countries. This huge imbalance reflects several things including the continuing lack of consensus internationally when it comes to refugee hosting and the proximity of many poor countries to regions of conflict. It also illustrates the need for countries and communities supporting refugees and other displaced people to be robustly resourced and supported – the absence of which can create instability, have consequences for life-saving humanitarian work, or lead to secondary displacement.

By population, Syria still accounts for the biggest numbers of displaced people overall, with 12 million people (almost two thirds of the population) either displaced internally or having fled abroad as refugees or asylum seekers. Leaving aside the long-standing Palestinian refugee situation, Colombians (7.7 million) and Afghans (4.7 million) remained the second and third largest populations, followed by Iraqis (4.2 million) and South Sudanese (the world’s fastest growing displaced population with 3.3 million having fled their homes by the end of the year).

Children, who make up half the world’s refugees, continue to bear a disproportionate burden of the suffering, mainly because of their greater vulnerability. Tragically, 75,000 asylum claims were received from children travelling alone or separated from their parents. The report says even this number is likely to underestimate the true figure.

UNHCR estimates that at least 10 million people were without a nationality or at risk of statelessness at the end of 2016. However, data recorded by governments and communicated to UNHCR were limited to 3.2 million stateless people in 75 countries.

Global Trends is a statistical assessment of forced displacement, and as such a number of key developments in the refugee world in 2016 are not captured. These include increased politicization of asylum issues in many countries, and growing restrictions on access to protection measures in some regions, but also positive developments such as the historic summits on Refugees and Migrants in September 2016, the landmark New York Declaration that followed, the new all-of-society approach to managing displacement being pioneered under the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, and the enormous generosity of host countries and donor governments alike towards refugees and other displaced populations.

UNHCR produces its Global Trends report annually based on its own data, the data it receives from its partner the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, and data it receives from governments.

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Additional Information

Global Trends is being released on the eve of World Refugee Day 20th June.

For broadcasters, news organizations and other media professionals: A full multimedia content package, the full Global Trends report, and contact details for UNHCR’s country and global spokespersons can be found on the Global Trends media page.

 

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خرداد 96 - بیانیه خبری مشترک: سومین دوره طرح بیمه سلامت پناهندگان

تهران، 1 خرداد ماه -  برای سومین سال متوالی و با حمایت دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران، طی توافق سه جانبه میان اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی وزارت کشور، سازمان بیمه سلامت ایران و دفتر نمایندگی کمیساریای عالی سازمان ملل متحد در امور پناهندگان در ایران،  بیمه سلامت برای پناهندگان در کشور از تاریخ 7/12/1395 اجرا و تا تاریخ 6/12/1396 به مدت یک سال ادامه خواهد یافت.

جمهوری اسلامی ایران یکی از معدود کشورها در جهان است که چنین خدماتی را به پناهندگان ارائه می دهد. پناهندگان از خدمات بیمه سلامت مشابه ایرانیان بهره مند می شوند.

بیمه سلامت خدمات بستری و پاراکلینیکی از جمله ویزیت دکتر،  دارو، آزمایش و رادیولوژی را در کلیه بیمارستان های تحت پوشش وزارت بهداشت، درمان و آموزش پزشکی پوشش می دهد. تمامی پناهندگان در ایران می توانند با مراجعه به یکی از مراکز پیشخوان دولت در دوره جدید برای شرکت در طرح بیمه سلامت ثبت نام نموده و دفترچه بیمه سلامت دریافت نمایند. 

با حمایت مالی و مشارکت دفتر نمایندگی کمیساریای عالی سازمان ملل متحد در امور پناهندگان در جمهوری اسلامی ایران سازمان بیمه سلامت اقشار آسیب پذیر پناهنده را که در دوره قبل دفترچه بیمه دریافت نموده اند  و همچنین بیماران خاص (هموفیلی، تالاسمی، دیالیز، پیوند کلیه و ام اس) را تحت پوشش بیمه درمانی قرار می دهد و پناهندگان غیر آسیب پذیر نیز میتوانند با پرداخت حق بیمه در طرح بیمه سلامت ثبت نام کرده و دفترچه بیمه دریافت کنند. 

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اسفند 95 - دومین جلسه با شرکای راه حل های راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغانستانی در محل اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی وزارت کشور

در طی پنج سال گذشته ، دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران، کمیساریای عالی سازمان ملل متحد در امور پناهندگان و شرکای ملی و بین المللی از جمله سازمان های غیر دولتی و سازمان های بین المللی غیر دولتی حمایت خود از پناهندگان افغانستانی را به صورت پایدار تحت چارچوب برنامه چند ساله راه حل های راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغانستانی که در حال حاضر توسط" اقدامات گسترش تاب آوری و راه حل ها" تکمیل شده است ، تعریف می کنند.

راه‌حل‌های راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغانستانی برنامه چهار جانبه منطقه‌ای چندساله‌ای است که در سال 2012 بین دولت های جمهوری اسلامی ایران، افغانستان و پاکستان در راستای تضمین حمایت از پناهندگان افغانستانی و یافتن راه حل های مناسب برای آنها امضاء شده است. این برنامه در ایران شامل سرمایه گذاری در فعالیتهای آموزشی و بهداشت، توانمندسازی جوانان ، توسعه مهارت ها و فرصتهای معیشتی پناهندگان و همچنین تقویت فضای حمایتی در کشور است.

ادامه راه راه حل های راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغان  در برنامه اقدامات گسترش تاب آوری و راه حل های منطقه ای دیده می شود که پس ازسفر کمیساریای عالی سازمان ملل متحد به ایران و منطقه  در ماه ژوئن سال 2016 صورت گرفت. این اقدامات باعث ایجاد تاب آوری در میان پناهندگان افغانستانی، آوارگان داخلی، بازگشت کنندگان وجوامع میزبان و یافتن راه حل های نوآورانه برای وضعیت آنان شده است.این برنامه بر پایه 5 رکن اصلی عمل می‌نماید: (1) :دسترسی به حمایت (در چارجوب قانونی و سیاسی) (2) دسترسی به خدمات اولیه ، (3) توانمندسازی جوانان از طریق آموزش توسعه مهارت ها و معیشت، (4) حمایت از راه حل های راهبردی و (5) حمایت ، هماهننگی و مشارکت.

در پی اولین جلسه مشترک اداره کل اموراتباع و مهاجرین خارجی وکمیساریا درخصوص راه حلهای راهبردی برای پناهندگان افغانستانی که درتاریخ 5 مهر ماه سال جاری برگزار شد، مشترکا دومین جلسه با  شرکا در تاریخ 12 اسفند ماه 1395  صورت گرفت تا در خصوص اجرای اقدامات گسترش تاب آوری و راه حل ها و ارزیابی پیشرفت حاصله درمسیر اهداف این راهبرد و تقویت دسترسی به خدمات اولیه برای پناهندگان در ایران تبادل نظر نمایند.  

 

 

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1 March 2017 - Second SSAR Partners Meeting Convened at BAFIA Premises

Over the past five years, the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, UNHCR and national and international partners consisting of several NGOs and INGOs have firmly rooted their assistance to Afghan refugees in the regional, multi-year framework of the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR), which is now complemented by the addition of the Resilience and Solutions Measures. 

A quadripartite multi-year regional strategy between the governments of Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran together with UNHCR, the SSAR, was launched in 2012. The strategy aims to ensure the protection of Afghan refugees in Iran whilst seeking to find durable solutions for them in the coming years. In Iran, this includes investing in their education and health, empowering the youth and expanding skills and livelihoods opportunities while ensuring protection and asylum space in the country.

The realignment of the SSAR is reflected in the regional Resilience and Solutions Measures which was launched following the UN High Commissioner’s visit to Iran and the region in June 2016. These measures contribute to building resilience among Afghan refugees, IDPs, returnees and host communities and to finding innovative solutions to their situations. They are articulated around five key areas of intervention: (1) access to protection (policy and legal framework), (2) access to basic services (3) youth empowerment through education, skills training and livelihood support (4) support for durable solutions and (5) advocacy, coordination and partnership.

As a follow up to the first joint BAFIA-UNHCR SSAR meeting held on 26 September 2016, BAFIA and UNHCR convened their second all partners meeting on 1 March to further discuss the implementation of the Resilience and Solutions Measures, and to monitor progress towards the strategy’s objectives in enhancing and improving access to basic services for refugees in Iran.

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28 September 2016 - FAO Joins UNHCR to Improve Livelihood of Afghan Refugees in Iran

The FAO Representative to Iran received a Note of Appreciation on Wednesday (28 Sep. 2016) from his UNHCR counterpart that welcoming the Organization as the latest partner to the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR). 

The Note handed over to Mr. Serge Nakouzi, the Representative of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to the Islamic Republic of Iran, by Mr. Sivanka Dhanapala, who represents the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in the country, highlights the contributions to be made by FAO towards SSAR objectives on livelihood related activities including livestock and fishery initiatives as well as nutritional projects in Iranian schools.

According to a press release published by the FAO Representation in Iran, the Organization is currently formulating a number of projects, one of which entitled “Capacity Building for Afghan Refugees on Fisheries and Aquaculture related skills through Practical Technical and Vocational Trainings” and which aims to provide opportunities for the refugees to earn their livelihoods in the growing Iranian fisheries and aquaculture industry.

“These trainings would, over time, enhance refugees’ financial, human and social capital and will better prepare them to find a sustainable durable solution, either in their own country or elsewhere” said Mr. Nakouzi during his meeting with UNHCR Representative in Tehran.

FAO has also invested considerable resources and technical assistance to integrate nutrition and health into schools to promote lifelong healthy eating and has been for decades promoting garden-based learning in schools for improved knowledge on nutrition and healthy life styles and agricultural skills not only among school children, but also among teachers and parents, and has been encouraging schools to create moderate-sized learning gardens for the production of a variety of fruits and vegetables -with a focus on producing micronutrient-rich vegetables and fruits- using simple techniques that are environmentally friendly.

Considering the peaceful coexistence of Afghan refugees and Iranians in the host community, FAO is also working on another project called “School Gardens for Better Nutrition in Iran for Afghan Refugees” that sees schools as golden opportunities for children of both the host community and the refugee community, to acquire the necessary knowledge and skills for them to develop into healthy, self-reliant and productive members of society.

The Government of Islamic Republic of Iran is contributing significantly to support a large community of Afghan refugees hosted in the country offering them with various livelihoods opportunities, recognizing the need to empower them to earn a decent living and to positively contribute to the society during their stay in the country.

FAO officially entered the SSAR partnership at the end of August, bringing the total number of partners to 29 including governmental organizations, UN agencies, National and International Non-Governmental Organizations.

 

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6 September 2016 - The Republic of Korea supports protection and humanitarian assistance to Afghan refugee girls in Iran

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of the Republic of Korea has reaffirmed its commitment to supporting Afghan refugees in the Islamic Republic of Iran through the signing of a new Letter of Understanding with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Iran on Monday 5 September 2016.

MOFA of the Republic of Korea will provide a voluntary financial contribution of 6 million US dollars (USD 6,000,000) to the UNHCR project “Protection and Humanitarian Assistance to Afghan refugee Girls in Iran”. In collaboration with the Bureau for Aliens and Foreign Immigrants Affairs (BAFIA) of the Ministry of Interior of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, this generous contribution will support UNHCR’s humanitarian activities for refugee girls in Iran by improving their health status and self-reliance, and through ensuring their optimal access to education and sustainable livelihoods. The objectives of this project will be achieved through a variety of activities including:

  • Supporting the Universal Public Health Insurance Scheme
  • Providing assistance to maintain health facilities
  • Constructing or renovating schools
  • Supporting the provision of literacy courses
  • Procuring and distributing hygiene kits
  • Procuring and distributing sanitary kits
  • Providing business training to establish home-based enterprises
  • Providing formal vocational training

This generous contribution will be used to fund activities during the project period 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2017, and will be implemented nationwide by UNHCR Iran, in coordination with BAFIA, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education, the Literacy Movement Organization, the Technical and Vocational Training Organization (TVTO) and national NGO partners.

The Ambassador of the Republic of Korea in Iran, Kim Seung-Ho, and UNHCR Representative, Sivanka Dhanapala, marked the occasion by signing a Letter of Understanding on Monday at UNHCR’s country office in Tehran. Also joining the signature ceremony was Ms. Jinyoung Park from the Humanitarian Assistance Division of MOFA. Ms. Park just arrived in Iran as part of a mission to visit refugee assistance projects including health posts, community-based initiatives, TVTO classes, a refugee settlement, and schools in Shiraz and Tehran.

For nearly four decades, the Islamic Republic of Iran has hosted and supported one of the largest urban refugee situations in the world. An estimated 951,000 registered Afghan refugees, 28,000 Iraqi refugees and some 1.5 - 2 million undocumented Afghans are currently living in Iran, many of whom are second or third generation refugees that have never been to Afghanistan. UNHCR has maintained an uninterrupted presence in the country for 32 years, and works in close coordination with BAFIA to provide protection and assistance to Afghan and Iraqi refugees throughout the Islamic Republic of Iran.

 

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