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سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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Items filtered by date: Sunday, 24 February 2019

22 Feb 2019 - Shrinking biodiversity poses major risk to the future of global food and agriculture, landmark UN report shows

With the biodiversity of plants cultivated for food shrinking, the global population’s health, livelihoods and environment are under severe threat. This warning from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) comes as the UN agency releases a new report – the first of its kind – on the state of the world’s biodiversity in food and agriculture.


The study, released on Friday, delivers a stark message: that there is a real risk of the plant and animal species that provide our food, fuel and fibre (as well as the many animals, insects and micro-organisms that make up crucial parts of the food chain) disappearing for good.

The FAO received a large amount of information from 91 countries, provided specifically for the report, and the analysis of the latest global data to compile the report, which was prepared under the guidance of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, the only permanent intergovernmental body that specifically addresses biological diversity for food and agriculture.

Plants and livestock under threat

While 6,000 plant species are cultivated for food, just nine of them account for two-thirds of all crop production. When it comes to livestock, around a quarter of breeds are at risk of extinction: just a handful provide the vast majority of meat, milk and eggs. And more than half of fish stocks are at risk of extinction.

Wild food species are also rapidly disappearing, with just under a quarter of known wild food species are decreasing. However, the true proportion is believed to be much higher as more than half of reported wild food species is unknown. In addition, species that contribute to the food ecosystem, such as pollinators, soil organisms and natural enemies of pests, are under sever threat. Examples include bees, butterflies, bats and birds.

FAO chief José Graziano da Silva, quoted in a statement published on Friday, described biodiversity as “critical” for safeguarding global food security, and called for food to be produced in a way that doesn’t harm the environment: “Less biodiversity means that plants and animals are more vulnerable to pests and diseases. Compounded by our reliance on fewer and fewer species to feed ourselves, the increasing loss of biodiversity for food and agriculture puts food security and nutrition at risk.”

Main reasons for shrinking food and agriculture biodiversity

Human intervention is overwhelmingly at fault, says the report. Examples include the way land water are used and managed; pollution; overexploitation and overharvesting; climate change; and population growth and urbanization.

No regions are exempt from biodiversity threats, although the main driving forces differ depending on the region. For example, in Africa a key problem is overexploitation, hunting in poaching; in Europe and Central Asia, deforestation and intensified agriculture are cited; and in Latin America there is concern over pest, diseases and invasive species.

Reversing the trend

The majority of the countries that provided data for the report show an interest in an agriculture-related practice that supports biodiversity, such as organic farming, sustainable soil management and ecosystem restoration.

Most of the countries have also put policies in place for the sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity.

However, the legislation and institutional frameworks are often inadequate or insufficient, and the FAO is calling for much more effective action on a global scale. These include the promotion of pro-biodiversity initiatives, greater efforts to improve the state of knowledge surrounding biodiversity for food and agriculture, and better collaboration among policy-makers, food producers, consumers, the private sector and civil society.

Simple ways for consumers to make a difference include opting for sustainably grown products, buying from farmers’ markets or boycotting foods that are unsustainably produced.



24 Feb 2019 - Training sessions for cultural counselors

After holding a training session for the cultural counselors on “Finding UN Information and Documentation” with a focus on cultural issues, on 27 January 2019,  Islamic Culture and Relations Organization (ICRO) in cooperation with the UN Information Centre (UNIC) held two more sessions  for some 25 managers of the organization and the cultural counselors of Iran in different countries on 17 and 24 February 2019 at ICRO.

During the sessions, UNIC Public Information Assistant Ms Nazanin Ghaemmaghami elaborated on UN observances such as World Book and Copyright DayWorld Poetry Day, International Day of Nowruz, World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development , World Tourism Day, International Day for Tolerance and World Philosophy Day as well as some international years and decades with cultural themes.

24Feb2019 UNIC ICRO4 Dr saadat Azar concluding the session

By navigating through the UNESCO website, the participants became more familiar with the section on “culture” and protecting our heritage and fostering creativity.

There was a search for Iran among World Heritage List. The Cultural Counselors learned that they can find some information on each of the 23 Iranian sites on the list to introduce to people in their country of service.

The Creative Cities Network webpage was also introduced. Among this Network there was a focus on two Iranian cities namely Isfahan for “Crafts and Folk Arts” and Rasht for “Gastronomy”.

24Feb2019 UNIC ICRO3Ghaemmaghami talking to one of the cultural councelors

The briefing concluded with remarks of General Director of Cultural Exchanges and International Organizations Dr Ali Saadat Azar. He found the sessions very useful and thanked UNIC for its cooperation.

Workshops “Finding UN Information and Documentation” are regularly organized by the UNIC for interested groups. For more information about how to attend these workshops and learn how to navigate the UN web site, please contact UN Information Center: Public Information Assistant Ms Nazanin Ghaemmaghami (e-mail:This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. – Tel. No.: 0098 21 22873837).

24Feb2019 UNIC ICRO2Participants of the workshop


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اسفند 97 -کارگاه های آموزشی برای رایزنان فرهنگی

سازمان فرهنگ و ارتباطات اسلامی با همکاری مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد، در ادامه  کارگاه آموزشی "جستجوی اسناد و اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد  با تمرکز بر  امور فرهنگی" که در تاریخ  هفتم بهمن 1397برگزار شد، دو جلسه دیگر برای حدود 25 نفر از مدیران سازمان و رایزنان فرهنگیِ ایران که در 17 کشور مختلف مشغول فعالیت هستند، در تاریخ 28 بهمن و 5 اسفند 1397 در  محل آن سازمان برگزار نمود.

خانم نازنین قائم مقامی، کتابدار مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد، در این دو جلسه به چگونگی بازیابی اطلاعات از وب سایت ملل متحد درباره  مناسبت های سازمان ملل متحد از جمله روز  جهانی کتاب و کپی رایت، روز جهانی شعر، روز بین المللی نوروز، روز جهانی تنوع فرهنگی برای گفتگو و توسعه، روز جهانی گردشگری، روز جهانی بردباری و روز جهانی فلسفه و نیز برخی سالها و دهه ها از جمله سال گفتگوی تمدن ها و دهه جهانی برای توسعه فرهنگی پرداخت.   

24Feb2019 UNIC ICRO4نكات پايانى آقاى دكتر سعادت آذر

با مرور در وبسایت یونسکو، شرکت کنندگان با بخش فرهنگی آن  و حافظت از میراث فرهنگی  و پرورش خلاقیت همچنین با فهرست میراث فرهنگی در جهان بیشتر آشنا شدند.  در پی آن نام  ایران در فهرست میراث جهانی،  جستجو گردید و  رایزنان فرهنگی آموختند چگونه  می توانند اطلاعاتی در مورد هر یک از 23 مکان مربوط به  ایران در این فهرست به دست آورند و در کشورهای محل خدمتشان مورد استفاده قرار دهند. 

 در ادامه، صفحه شبکه شهرهای خلاق نیز معرفی گردید. در میان شهرهای موجود در این شبکه بر دو شهر  ایران یعنی اصفهان برای  صنایع دستی و هنرها  و رشت برای آشپزی و تنوع غذایی تمرکز شد.

جلسه آخر با  سخنان آقای دکتر علی سعادت آذر، مدیر کل مبادلات فرهنگی و سازمان های بین المللی سازمان فرهنگ و ارتباطات اسلامی که مبتکر برگزاری این کارگاه های آموزشی بود،  به پایان رسید. ایشان جلسات برگزار شده را بسیار مفید ارزیابی کرد و از مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد برای این همکاری، قدردانی نمود.

24Feb2019 UNIC ICRO3خانم قائم مقامى هنگام صحبت با يكى از رايزنان فرهنگى

 کارگاه های"جستجوی اسناد و اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد"  به وسیله مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد برای گروه های مشتاق، برگزار می گردند. برای کسب اطلاعات بیشتر در مورد نحوه حضور در این کارگاه ها و آشنایی با نحوه مرور وبسایت ملل متحد، لطفا با مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد تماس بگیرید: 

خانم نازنین قائم مقامی، کتابدار مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد، (ایمیل: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. ، تلفن: 00982122873837)

24Feb2019 UNIC ICRO2شركت كنندگان در جلسه آموزشى

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