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سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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18 Dec 2018 - High level Expert Consultation Meeting on Disaster Information Management

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Deputy Vice-President, Mr. Pourmohammadi,

Head of National Disaster Management Organization, Mr. Najjar,

My colleague, Deputy Executive Secretary of ESCAP, Mr. Zahedi

Excellencies,

Ladies and Gentleman,

I am very pleased to be here this morning, and I bid you all a very good morning from the United Nations in Iran.

As you know, the Asia and the Pacific region remains the most disaster-prone region in the world.

Despite important achievements in developing risk reduction and resilience building capacities by many countries of the region, various disasters such as floods, cyclones, earthquakes, and sand and dust storms continue to cause loss and damage at local, national and regional level.

Disaster risk reduction and building resilience against disasters are pivotal to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. Information and knowledge on disaster risk and natural hazards are essential in order to achieve tangible and measurable progress in disaster risk reduction.

Here, in the Islamic Republic of Iran we are exposed to various types of natural hazards and unfortunately in the past, the country has been affected by severe disasters.

Iran has gained valuable experiences and developed considerable knowledge on disaster risk reduction and management. Effective response to major disasters such as Bam and Kermanshah earthquakes in 2003 and 2017 and to many other disasters such as floods, draught and sand and dust storms are a testimony for Iran’s capacity to respond to natural hazards and disasters.

The establishment of the Asian and Pacific Centre for Development of Disaster Information Management (APDIM) based on ESCAP Resolution 71/11 and with the generous support of the Government of Iran is a great achievement and an important step toward enhancing disaster risk reduction and resilience building in the region.

 APDIM’s strategic goals are to:

1) Establish a comprehensive regional disaster information platform,

2) Develop capacities of the countries and organizations of the region in disaster information management, and

3) Provide services for cross-border disasters risk and hazards which are highly relevant and much needed.

Disaster information management is critical in all aspects and areas of disaster risk reduction and resilience building. Holding the “High-Level Expert Consultation Meeting on Disaster Information Management” this week in Tehran is a valuable opportunity to discuss ways and means for expanding and enhancing regional cooperation in this regard.

This important regional meeting will be followed by the official opening of APDIM Office and the third session of APDIM Governing Council tomorrow. On behalf of the UN Country Team in Iran, I wish to congratulate the Government of Iran and ESCAP for this important and landmark success.

For the first time, a set of interconnected agreements has the potential to catalyze aid and investments that are sensitive to trade-offs between economic, social and environmental priorities: Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, agreed in March 2015 was the first of a series of landmark agreements: Financing for Development (Addis Ababa, July 2015); Sustainable Development Goals (New York, September 2015); Paris Agreement (Paris, December 2015) and the New Urban Agenda (October 2016).  

Coherence across core international agendas (disaster risk reduction, climate change and sustainable development) is essential to be successful in promoting and implementing DRR, to reduce the number of people affected especially in the most disaster-prone areas in Least Developed Countries and Small Island Developing States and ensuring a development that can be truly sustainable. 

Countries agreed on a set of 38 indicators to measure progress against the seven targets of Sendai as well as the approved use of seven of those 38 indicators for SDG 1 - eradicating poverty, SDG 11 - sustainable cities and communities, and SDG 13 - climate action.  These developments reflect the commitment to place disaster risk reduction at the heart of the Sustainable Development Goals.

This common reporting system will enhance international, national and local knowledge and understanding of the inherent linkages and interdependencies between sustainable development, disaster risk reduction and climate change. APDIM has a critical role to play in this connection, given its focus on disaster information management as well as cross-border action. 

Multilateralism is the only answer to the challenges we face today. We need a reformed, reinvigorated and strengthened multilateral system. In the end, multilateralism is nothing more than countries coming together, respecting one another, and establishing the forms of cooperation that guarantee peace and prosperity for all in a healthy planet.

Such a commitment is needed now more than ever – from all around this hall, and around our world, and to make this a reality, the UN Country Team in Iran stands ready to support the Government of Iran and the international community and support all types of cooperation within the scope of APDIM’s programmes as well as through other regional and multi-lateral cooperation mechanisms to reduce the risk and negative impact of disasters in the region.

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آذر 97 - گرامی داشت هفتادمین سالگرد تصویب اعلامیه جهانی حقوق بشردردانشگاه شهید بهشتی

دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی با مشارکت مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد مراسمی را به مناسبت روز حقوق بشر و هفتادمین سالگرد تصویب اعلامیه جهانی حقوق بشر در محل تالار عدالت دانشکده حقوق این دانشگاه دوشنبه 26 آذر برگزار کرد. پیام ویدیویی دبیر کل سازمان ملل متحد آنتونیو گوترش برای بیش از 200 فعال حقوق بشر، استاد و دانشجوی شرکت کننده در این گردهمایی به نمایش در آمد.

خانم اوگوچی دنیلز هماهنگ کننده مقیم ملل متحد در جمهوری اسلامی ایران، دکتر ابراهیم بیگ زاده رییس دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، دکتر حسین میرمحمد صادقی رییس کرسی حقوق بشر، صلح و دموکراسی  یونسکو در دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، خانم دکتر ماریا دوتسنکو رییس مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد در تهران، خانم شهیندخت مولاوردی دبیر کل انجمن حمایت از حقوق بشر زنان و دکترمحمد سید فاطمی عضو هئیت علمی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی از سخنرانان این همایش بودند.  

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در این مراسم ویدیو آموزشی و تئاتر درباره حقوق بشربه نمایش درآمد همچنین موسیقی سنتی توسط گروه موسیقی دانشگاه شهید بهشتی نیز اجرا شد. رونمایی از کتاب در باره حقوق میراث ناملموس فرهنگی در آسیا غربی و مرکزی تحت نظارت یونسکو به قلم  خانم دکتر جانت بلیک، کارگاه آموزشی بازی های رایانه ای برای آموزش حقوق بشر به وسیله دانشجوی دکتری خانم لادن حریری و کارگاه آموزشی نحوه چگونگی در خواست برای فرصت های شغلی بین المللی و شرح حال (رزومه) نویسی به وسیله کار آموز مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد و دانشجوی ارشد حقوق بشر خانم شیما اسماعیلی از دیگر برنامه های این مراسم بود.

نمایشگاه عکس و اسناد تاریخی همکاری های ایران و سازمان ملل متحد نیز در معرض دید شرکت کنندگان در این مراسم  قرار گرفت. منابع اطلاعاتی سازمان ملل متحد نیز به دانشجویان و اساتید ارائه گردید.  

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17 Dec 2018 - Shahid Beheshti University commemorates 70th Anniversary of UDHR

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TEHRAN- Faculty of Law of Shahid Beheshti University (SBU) in partnership with UNIC Tehran commemorated Human Rights Day and 70th Anniversary of Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) at SBU’s Justice Hall on 17 December 2018.

The Human Rights Day video message of UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres was screened for some 200 human rights activists, university professors and students.

The main speakers of the seminar were UN Resident Coordinator Ugochi Daniels, Dean of Faculty of Law of SBU Dr. Ebrahim Beigzadeh, Head of UNESCO Chair for Human Rights, Peace and Democracy at SBU Dr. Hossein MirMohammad Sadeghi, UNIC Director Dr. Maria Dotsenko, Secretary General of Association of Protecting Women’s Rights Ms. Shahindokht Molaverdi and Faculty member of SBU Dr. Mohammad   Seyyed Fatemi.

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In addition to speeches, the seminar included screening of an educational video clip about UDHR, theater performance on human rights, musical performance, book launch on international cultural heritage law by Dr. Janet Blake, workshop on educational role of computer games and human rights by Ph.D. student in international law Ms. Ladan Haririan, as well as workshop on how to apply for international job opportunities as well as writing resume by intern at UNIC-Tehran and M.A. student of human rights Ms. Shima Esmailian.

An Exhibition of Historical Photos and Documents on UN-Iran Partnership was displayed for the participants. UN information materials were also given to the participants. 

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14 Nov 2018 - Civilians caught in sanctions crossfire need Geneva Convention protection, says UN expert

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Sanctions that extend beyond national borders, and which seek to block a country’s trade altogether, amount to economic warfare against civilians, an independent expert appointed by the Human Rights Council says.

"These civilians deserve the same protections provided by the Geneva Conventions to people in war," said Idriss Jazairy, the Special Rapporteur on the effect of sanctions on human rights.

"There is a need for differences between States to be resolved through peaceful means as advocated by the UN Charter, while avoiding exposing innocent civilians to collective punishment. Causing hunger and disease through economic instruments should not be accepted in the 21st century."

Referring to Iran, Jazairy said while US sanctions included humanitarian exemptions, there were reports that aid is on hold as banks, insurance and logistics companies await clarification.  It has even been said that the source country of sanctions will block the SWIFT technical mechanism of international interbank financial transfer which may make such exemptions inoperative.

"There can be no justification for not including blanket protections for the importation of food, medicine, and other necessities of life without first requiring lengthy and complex approval processes," the expert said. The International Court of Justice had recently made two preliminary rulings that reiterate the obligation of States to ensure effective humanitarian exemptions while sanctions are in force. 

"I am deeply concerned that it is the poor who are bearing the brunt of these actions," Jazairy said, adding that the rial currency had lost more than 70 percent of its value in the past year, and food prices had risen by half. "More people are losing their jobs as the economy suffers," he said.

"While the right of States to disagree with each other should be respected, harming the human rights of ordinary civilians should not be resorted to as a means of political pressure on a targeted Government," he said.  "This is illegal under international human rights law."

When an economic blockade is imposed, adequate food, medicines, public health and other humanitarian needs must be ensured, he said. "The Fourth Geneva Convention provides such protections during times of war," Jazairy said. "Under economic sanctions, people also die but from lack of food and medicine, rather than from explosive devices. This form of warfare that relies on starvation and disease deserves the same concern from the international community as any other conflict."

States should adopt a declaration which ends such practices, and protects civilians during economic blockades.

"I am ready to serve as facilitator to assist  the United States and Iran in finding concrete ways to ensure that urgently needed humanitarian exemptions whose observance is unchallenged by the source country, are made effective and workable," Jazairy said.

 

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5 Nov 2018 - Women & Children in Conflict

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Background

UN General Assembly declared 6 November of each year as the International Day for Preventing the Exploitation of the Environment in War and Armed Conflict.

When we measure the brutality of war we often count the dead bodies, the destroyed homes and the lives upended by violence. Rarely do we pause to consider the environmental devastation that wars cause. The toxic legacy of war is often ignored and with it the long-term damage to the health of millions of people struggling to rebuild their homes and their lives.

Water wells have been polluted, crops torched, forests cut down, soils poisoned, and animals killed to gain military advantage.

According to UN Environment, over the last 60 years, at least 40 percent of all internal conflicts have been linked to the exploitation of natural resources, whether high-value resources such as timber, diamonds, gold and oil, or scarce resources such as fertile land and water. Conflicts involving natural resources have also been found to be twice as likely to relapse.

Since the beginning of this century, the world has witnessed more than 2,500 disasters and 40 major conflicts. These tragic events – which have affected more than two billion people – destroy infrastructure, displace populations, and fundamentally undermine human security. They also compound poverty and tear apart the fabric of sustainable development.

Poor governance of the environment and natural resources can contribute to the outbreak of conflict. It can fuel and finance existing conflicts and it can increase the risk of relapse. Conversely, there are many examples of natural resources serving as catalysts for peaceful cooperation, confidence-building and poverty reduction.

In the aftermath of violent conflict, natural resources, such as land, timber, minerals, oil and gas, are often the primary assets that governments need to support livelihoods and economic recovery. How governments manage these resources can fundamentally alter the course of post-conflict peacebuilding. That is why it is so important that we work together to combat environmental crime, end the illegal exploitation of natural resources, improve transparency, share benefits more equitably and encourage the participation of women, indigenous peoples and vulnerable groups in decision-making.

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) explicitly recognizes that “sustainable development cannot be realized without peace and security; and peace and security will be at risk without sustainable development.”

The United Nations attaches great importance to ensuring that action on the environment is part of conflict prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding strategies - because there can be no durable peace if the natural resources that sustain livelihoods and ecosystems are destroyed.

Economic Cost of War

According to the 12th annual "Global Peace Index" released by the Institute for Economics and Peace, the world is less peaceful today than at any time in the past decade.

The economic impact of violence was $14.8 trillion in 2017 or 12.4 per cent of global GDP – equivalent to nearly $2,000 per person.

Children and War

Over the years, wars have moved from battlefields to backyards. Children from Democratic Republic of Congo to Afghanistan to Uganda, are growing up with the scars of war on their bodies and in their minds. As one expert said, “children are dropping out of childhood.”

Today, children make up more than half of the refugee population.

Conflicts disproportionately affect children. Many are subject to abductions, military recruitment, killing, maiming, and numerous forms of exploitation children.

According to a report by UNICEF, “Not only are large numbers of children killed and injured, but countless others grow up deprived of their material and emotional needs, including the structures that give meaning to social and cultural life. The entire fabric of their societies their homes, schools, health systems and religious institutions are torn to pieces.”

The SDGs recognize that children, who represent the majority of the population in many countries affected by conflict, are key to building peaceful and strong societies. Human rights, peace, justice and strong institutions are at the heart of the SDGs. This includes ensuring quality education and health services for all, ending the recruitment and use of child soldiers, and ending all forms of violence against children.

Women and War

Women experience war differently from men. They see firsthand the unique impact that conflict, increased militarization and violent extremism has on their communities, their families, and their own bodies. Less visible than the headlines, however, is how women carry on in spite of violence that may surround them: they seek education, continue careers, and raise families — sometimes traveling long distances to bring their children to safety.

Women are the beating heart of their family and community. War hits home when it hits women and girls. Where war and conflict exists, the suffering and untold stories of women exist.

To create lasting peace, we need women’s voices. From conflict prevention and conflict resolution to reconciliation and economic recovery post-conflict, women’s meaningful participation in peace processes increases the likelihood that an agreement will last longer than 15 years by as much as 35 per cent. But women’s participation in peace processes goes beyond just representation and quotas. Meaningful participation means that women are at the table when negotiations are taking place, women’s interests and lived experiences are fully reflected in peace processes, and that women are equally considered in recovery efforts in the aftermath in conflict.

According to UN Women when women are included in peace processes, there is a 20 per cent increase in the probability of an agreement lasting at least two years, and a 35 per cent increase in the probability of an agreement lasting at least 15 years.

Women and Environment

Natural disasters and conflict can render women more vulnerable to violence and exploitation. The displacement, stress and trauma experienced by survivors can intensify existing risk factors. For example, according to an OHCHR report, after two tropical cyclones hit Vanuatu in 2011, the Tanna Women’s Counselling Centre reported a 300 per cent increase in new domestic violence cases.

Women play a critical role in managing natural resources on family and community levels and are most affected by environmental degradation. In communities around the world, women manage water, sources for fuel, and food, as well as both forests and agricultural terrain. Women produce 60 to 80 percent of food in developing countries.

Interventions around natural resources, environment and climate change provide significant opportunities to empower women politically and economically, and to strengthen their contributions to conflict prevention and peacebuilding in conflict-affected countries. Yet opportunities related to natural resources remain underutilized in peace and development programming.

Women are the ones who have the social and cultural memory of the practices used to protect the environment and they know the processes on how to restore the environment and thus they must be a part of the recovery phase.

Involving women in protecting the environment would help societies develop the sense of responsibility needed to maintain a good balance between humans and the earth’s resources.

Nadia Murad’s story

Nadia Murad was born and raised in the quiet agricultural village of Kocho, Iraq – Yazidis and other communities lived harmoniously as neighbors. She and her family – including many brothers and sisters - lived a peaceful, happy life.  Nadia was in secondary school and had dreams of becoming a history teacher and a make-up artist.

Nadia’s peaceful existence ended on August 3, 2014, when the ISIS (Daesh), attacked her village. Nadia, along with her two sisters and thousands of other women and children, were taken captive and subjected to unspeakable crimes.

Along with forced conversion, the young girls were enslaved and endured sexual violence and trafficking, and sometimes forced marriage.  Nadia was only 21 years old. She and her two sisters were enslaved; their mother was executed as she was considered too old for sexual enslavement.

Nadia was initially held hostage in a building with thousands of families.  She witnessed young children given to ISIS soldiers as gifts. After enduring this unimaginable brutality, Nadia was finally able to escape.

Today, Nadia has become the voice of the voiceless and is the co-recipient of the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize – a leading advocate for survivors of genocide and sexual violence. She is dedicated to advocating for women, children, persecuted minorities and victims of sexual violence.  

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8 Mar 2018 - The UN Resident Coordinator's Statement at National Tree Planting Ceremony

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Dr. Zarif, Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Dr. Najafi, Mayor of Tehran,

Dr. Araghchi, Deputy for Political Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs,

Excellencies,

Distinguished Representatives,

Esteemed colleagues,

Ladies and gentlemen,

I bid you all a very good morning.

Today, I bring you greetings from the Unites Nations Family in the Islamic Republic of Iran.  It gives me an immense pleasure to be a part of this tree planting ceremony.

I wish to take this opportunity to congratulate everyone – especially women present in the audience – a very happy International Women’s Day.

Trees are one of earth’s greatest natural resources. 

As you know, trees keep our air supply clean and remove pollution from the atmosphere – improving air quality and human health. 

Trees improve water quality, they help prevent erosion, provide food, and make our landscapes look beautiful.  Trees create shade and provide us with much needed cooling.

Trees are essential elements in helping reduce the effects of climate change.  When properly placed, trees help us save energy.  They also provide vital wildlife habitat. 

In a sense, tress are living treasures. 

But unfortunately, as a result of climate change and other man-made problems we are losing our trees and forests at a rapid rate.  And this loss is creating environmental challenges such as shortage of water.  Deforestation.  Desertification.  Air pollution amongst other challenges. 

As mentioned earlier, these environmental challenges are all man-made, and for every man-made problem there exist a man-made solution. 

We need to recognize the inseparable link between man and nature and to build a sustainable, climate-resilient future for all. 

We must invest in our trees and world's forests, and invest and support those who guard and protect these precious resources.

For these reasons, and more, saving trees and forests are integral part of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals which came in to effect 1st of January 2016, as well as in the development plan of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

These global goals will guide the decisions of UN member states like Iran during the next twelve years – until 2030.  Many focus on the environment and the need to think and act “green”.

This tree planting ceremony is thus a symbolic event and it portrays the effort and the energy of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran in recognizing the need to be green and the need to promote environmental causes.

The timing of this event – in my opinion – could not be more perfect.  I am referring to Nowruz being just around the corner. 

Celebrating Nowruz means the affirmation of life in harmony with nature, awareness of the inseparable link between constructive labour and natural cycles of renewal and a solicitous and respectful attitude towards natural sources of life. 

I would like to thank the organizers and also wish to take this opportunity to wish each and every one of you – on behalf of the United Nations – joy, peace, prosperity, friendship and harmony with nature.

Happy Nowruz.

Thank you.

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