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United Nations Iran
سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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UNHCR welcomes Iran’s new nationality law addressing statelessness

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, welcomes the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran’s amendment of the nationality law to allow children born to Iranian women and non-Iranian men to acquire Iranian nationality, regardless of whether they are born on Iranian territory.

The new law was signed by the Head of the Parliament and submitted to the Government for implementation on Tuesday 8 October 2019, marking a major step towards reducing statelessness in Iran and around the world.

According to the new law, even children under 18 years old will now be able to obtain Iranian citizenship if their Iranian mothers files the application. Those who are 18 and above can apply for Iranian nationality themselves. The law further specifies that persons without nationality can also apply for Iranian citizenship once they turn 18, if the individual and one of his or her parents was born in Iran.

A survey conducted by the Government of Iran in 2017 indicated that there were nearly 50,000 children who, because they are born to Iranian mothers and non-Iranian fathers, couldn’t obtain the official identity document known as ‘Shenasnameh’.

“No child chooses to be stateless,” said Ivo Freijsen, UNHCR Representative in Iran. “Without an identity and official documents, stateless people are often excluded from society. The Government of Iran is leading by example through its new law. It is a hugely positive move for these children and their families.”

By allowing Iranian women to pass their nationality to their children, the new law marks a ground-breaking step towards reducing the gap between men and women in Iran, where nationality is mainly transmitted jus sanguinis by the father. While the law still doesn’t put mothers and fathers on a fully equal footing with respect to their ability to confer nationality, it represents a significant incremental improvement.

Although Iran is not party to the conventions on statelessness, the Government of Iran is taking concrete steps towards the prevention and reduction of statelessness in the country.

The amendment of the nationality law is particularly welcome given UNHCR’s global #IBelong Campaign to End Statelessness by 2024. Stateless people can face a lifetime of exclusion and discrimination, often denied access to education, health care, and job opportunities.

Worldwide, statelessness affects millions of people, leaving them without the basic rights and official recognition that most of us take for granted. Some 3.9 million stateless people appear in the reporting of 78 countries, but UNHCR believes the true total to be significantly higher.

UNHCR is mid-way through its 10-year global #IBelong Campaign to End Statelessness and will hold a high-level meeting on the statelessness as part of UNHCR 2019 Executive Committee meeting in Geneva in October, which will assess the achievements to date and to encourage concrete pledges by States and others on this issue. 

For further information, please contact:

  • Farha Bhoyroo, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., +98 912 132 7183
  • Paniz Zamanian, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., +98 21 8934 9114

 

 

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UNHCR and Republic of Korea call for stronger private sector engagement to boost economic opportunities for refugees in Iran

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and the Embassy of the Republic of Korea today brought together international private companies and business networks, diplomatic missions, Non-Governmental Organizations and UN agencies to call for more investment in livelihoods and economic opportunities for refugees in the Islamic Republic of Iran.

The Forum on Private Sector Engagement and Corporate Social Responsibility for Refugees & Host Communities’ Livelihoods gave the floor to Afghan refugee entrepreneurs, who said that being able to work allows them to become more resilient and self-reliant. Through earning a decent living, refugees can meet the basic needs of their families and become less dependent on humanitarian assistance.

Empowering refugees also means they can give back to the Iranian communities that have generously hosted them for 40 years. Refugee-run businesses have boosted local economies by creating jobs for other refugees and the host community, and promoted innovation in local industries.

“Investing in refugee businesses and allowing them to stand on their own two feet is not only the right thing to do, but the smart thing to do. It is a win-win situation that can benefit both refugees and host communities in Iran,” said Ivo Freijsen, UNHCR Representative in Iran.

Through the Solutions Strategy for Afghan Refugees (SSAR), UNHCR builds the skills and capacities of Afghan refugees so that, when it becomes safe for them to return to Afghanistan, they can reintegrate in their communities and contribute to rebuilding their country.

Thanks to Iran’s generous and inclusive policies, refugees are able to participate in the local economy and can access work in a range of occupations. But at a time when Iran is facing economic pressures, vulnerable populations, including refugees, need more international support.

“Supporting refugees cannot be the sole responsibility of UNHCR or the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Everyone, be it international or national, public or private actors - has a role to play in allowing refugees to live independently, find work and be full contributors to their communities,” said Mr Freijsen.
 
At the forum, good practices were shared with companies on how to make refugees a core part of their businesses by, for example, investing in their skills, education and training, providing work and internship opportunities, or even buying services and products from refugee-run businesses.

“I believe this forum will provide better insights to private companies in implementing their Corporate Social Responsibilities in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the consequence of which will benefit both Afghan refugees and host communities in this country,” said Ryu Jeong-Hyun, the Republic of Korea’s Ambassador to Iran.

Finding practical ways to increase engagement of the private sector to better support refugees is a key element of the Global Refugee Forum, the first of which will take place on 17 and 18 December 2019 in Geneva, Switzerland.

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20 June 2017 - War, violence, persecution push displacement to new unprecedented high

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War, violence and persecution worldwide are causing more people than ever to be forcibly displaced, according to a report published today by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency.

UNHCR’s new Global Trends report, the organization’s major annual survey of the state of displacement, says that at the end of 2016 there were 65.6 million people forcibly displaced worldwide – some 300,000 more than a year earlier. This total represents an enormous number of people needing protection worldwide.

The figure of 65.6 million comprises three important components. First is refugee numbers, which at 22.5 million are the highest ever seen. Of these, 17.2 million come under the responsibility of UNHCR, and the remainder are Palestinian refugees registered with our sister-organization UNRWA. Syria’s conflict remains the world’s biggest producer of refugees (5.5 million), however in 2016 the biggest new factor was South Sudan where the disastrous breakdown of peace efforts in July of that year contributed to the outflow of 739,900 people by year’s end (1.87 million today).

Second is displacement of people inside their own countries, whose numbers were 40.3 million at the end of 2016 compared to 40.8 million a year earlier. Syria, Iraq, and the still very significant displacement inside Colombia were the biggest internal displacement situations, nonetheless the problem of internal displacement is a worldwide one and accounts for almost two thirds of the global forced displacement total.

Third is asylum seekers, people who have fled their country and are seeking international protection as refugees. As of the end of 2016 the number of people seeking asylum globally was 2.8 million.

This adds up to an immense human cost of war and persecution globally: 65.6 million means that on average one in every 113 people worldwide is today someone who is displaced – a population bigger than that of the world’s 21st most populous country, the United Kingdom.

“By any measure this is an unacceptable number, and it speaks louder than ever to the need for solidarity and common purpose in preventing and resolving crises, and ensuring together that the world’s refugees, internally displaced and asylum seekers are properly protected and cared for while solutions are pursued,” said UN High Commissioner for Refugees Filippo Grandi. “We have to do better for these people. For a world in conflict, what is needed is determination and courage, not fear.”

Among the report’s key findings, is that new displacement in particular remains very high. Of the 65.6 million people forcibly displaced globally, 10.3 million became displaced in 2016, about two-thirds of them (6.9 million) fleeing within their own countries. This equates to one person becoming displaced every 3 seconds – less than the time it takes to read this sentence.

At the same time, returns of refugees and internally displaced people to their homes, combined with other solutions such as resettlement in third countries meant that for some, 2016 brought the prospect of improvement. Some 37 countries together accepted 189,300 refugees for resettlement. Around half a million other refugees were able to return to their home countries, and about 6.5 million internally displaced people to their areas of origin - although many did so in less than ideal circumstances and facing uncertain prospects.

Worldwide, most refugees – 84 per cent – were in low- or middle-income countries as of end 2016, with one in every three (4.9 million people) being hosted by the least developed countries. This huge imbalance reflects several things including the continuing lack of consensus internationally when it comes to refugee hosting and the proximity of many poor countries to regions of conflict. It also illustrates the need for countries and communities supporting refugees and other displaced people to be robustly resourced and supported – the absence of which can create instability, have consequences for life-saving humanitarian work, or lead to secondary displacement.

By population, Syria still accounts for the biggest numbers of displaced people overall, with 12 million people (almost two thirds of the population) either displaced internally or having fled abroad as refugees or asylum seekers. Leaving aside the long-standing Palestinian refugee situation, Colombians (7.7 million) and Afghans (4.7 million) remained the second and third largest populations, followed by Iraqis (4.2 million) and South Sudanese (the world’s fastest growing displaced population with 3.3 million having fled their homes by the end of the year).

Children, who make up half the world’s refugees, continue to bear a disproportionate burden of the suffering, mainly because of their greater vulnerability. Tragically, 75,000 asylum claims were received from children travelling alone or separated from their parents. The report says even this number is likely to underestimate the true figure.

UNHCR estimates that at least 10 million people were without a nationality or at risk of statelessness at the end of 2016. However, data recorded by governments and communicated to UNHCR were limited to 3.2 million stateless people in 75 countries.

Global Trends is a statistical assessment of forced displacement, and as such a number of key developments in the refugee world in 2016 are not captured. These include increased politicization of asylum issues in many countries, and growing restrictions on access to protection measures in some regions, but also positive developments such as the historic summits on Refugees and Migrants in September 2016, the landmark New York Declaration that followed, the new all-of-society approach to managing displacement being pioneered under the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework, and the enormous generosity of host countries and donor governments alike towards refugees and other displaced populations.

UNHCR produces its Global Trends report annually based on its own data, the data it receives from its partner the Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, and data it receives from governments.

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Additional Information

Global Trends is being released on the eve of World Refugee Day 20th June.

For broadcasters, news organizations and other media professionals: A full multimedia content package, the full Global Trends report, and contact details for UNHCR’s country and global spokespersons can be found on the Global Trends media page.

 

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6 September 2016 - The Republic of Korea supports protection and humanitarian assistance to Afghan refugee girls in Iran

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) of the Republic of Korea has reaffirmed its commitment to supporting Afghan refugees in the Islamic Republic of Iran through the signing of a new Letter of Understanding with the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Iran on Monday 5 September 2016.

MOFA of the Republic of Korea will provide a voluntary financial contribution of 6 million US dollars (USD 6,000,000) to the UNHCR project “Protection and Humanitarian Assistance to Afghan refugee Girls in Iran”. In collaboration with the Bureau for Aliens and Foreign Immigrants Affairs (BAFIA) of the Ministry of Interior of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran, this generous contribution will support UNHCR’s humanitarian activities for refugee girls in Iran by improving their health status and self-reliance, and through ensuring their optimal access to education and sustainable livelihoods. The objectives of this project will be achieved through a variety of activities including:

  • Supporting the Universal Public Health Insurance Scheme
  • Providing assistance to maintain health facilities
  • Constructing or renovating schools
  • Supporting the provision of literacy courses
  • Procuring and distributing hygiene kits
  • Procuring and distributing sanitary kits
  • Providing business training to establish home-based enterprises
  • Providing formal vocational training

This generous contribution will be used to fund activities during the project period 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2017, and will be implemented nationwide by UNHCR Iran, in coordination with BAFIA, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education, the Literacy Movement Organization, the Technical and Vocational Training Organization (TVTO) and national NGO partners.

The Ambassador of the Republic of Korea in Iran, Kim Seung-Ho, and UNHCR Representative, Sivanka Dhanapala, marked the occasion by signing a Letter of Understanding on Monday at UNHCR’s country office in Tehran. Also joining the signature ceremony was Ms. Jinyoung Park from the Humanitarian Assistance Division of MOFA. Ms. Park just arrived in Iran as part of a mission to visit refugee assistance projects including health posts, community-based initiatives, TVTO classes, a refugee settlement, and schools in Shiraz and Tehran.

For nearly four decades, the Islamic Republic of Iran has hosted and supported one of the largest urban refugee situations in the world. An estimated 951,000 registered Afghan refugees, 28,000 Iraqi refugees and some 1.5 - 2 million undocumented Afghans are currently living in Iran, many of whom are second or third generation refugees that have never been to Afghanistan. UNHCR has maintained an uninterrupted presence in the country for 32 years, and works in close coordination with BAFIA to provide protection and assistance to Afghan and Iraqi refugees throughout the Islamic Republic of Iran.

 

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شهریور 95 - پشتیبانی جمهوری کره از حمایت و کمک های بشر دوستانه به دختران پناهنده افغان در ایران

16 شهریور 1395، تهران-کمیساریا در ایران: وزارت امور خارجه جمهوری کره  با امضای تفاهم نامه جدیدی با دفتر کمیساریای عالی سازمان ملل در امور پناهندگان در روز دوشنبه 15 شهریور 1395، باری دیگر بر تعهد خود درراستای حمایت از پناهندگان افغان در جمهوری اسلامی ایران تاکید کرد.

وزارت خارجی جمهوری کره به صورت داوطلبانه  کمک مالی 6 میلیون دلاری به پروژه ی کمیساریا به نام "حمایت و کمک های بشر دوستانه به دختران پناهنده افغان در ایران" اعطا می کند. با همکاری اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی وزارت کشور دولت جمهوری اسلامی ایران، این کمک سخاوتمندانه از فعالیت های بشردوستانه ی کمیساریا برای دختران پناهنده در ایران در راستای بهبود سطح سلامت و خوداتکایی آنان، تضمین دسترسی بهتر آنان به آموزش و معیشت پایدار، حمایت خواهد کرد؛ اهداف این پروژه از طریق فعالیت های متعددی حاصل می شود که از جمله ی آن ها موارد زیر است:


•    حمایت از طرح بیمه سلامت
•    مساعدت در حفاظت از امکانات بهداشتی درمانی
•    احداث و نوسازی مدارس
•    حمیات از ارائه کلاس های سواد آموزی
•    تهیه و توزیع بسته های بهداشتی
•    تهیه و توزیع بسته های بهداشتی مخصوص بانوان
•    ارائه آموزش های کسب و کار برای ایجاد کار در منزل
•    ارائه آموزش های فنی حرفه ای

این کمک سخاوتمندانه در جهت تامین هزینه ی پروژه هایی طی دوسال از اول ژانویه 2016 تا 31 دسامبر2017 صرف خواهد شد. در سراسر کشور توسط کمیساریا با همکاری اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی، وزارت بهداشت، وزارت آموزش و پرورش، نهضت سواد آموزی، سازمان فنی و حرفه ای و سازمان های غیر دولتی  ایرانی اجرا خواهند شد.
            
به همین مناسبت در روز دوشنبه آقای سیونگ-هو کیم, سفیر جمهوری کره در ایران, و آقای سیوانکا داناپالا, نماینده ی کمیساریا, تفاهم نامه ای رادرمحل دفترکمیساریا در تهران امضا کردند. خانم جیونگ پارک از بخش کمک های بشر دوستانه وزارت امور خارجه کره نیز در این مراسم حضور داشتند. خانم پارک به تازگی جهت بازدید از پروژه های کمک رسانی به پناهندگان از جمله خانه های بهداشت، طرح های جامعه محور، کلاس های فنی حرفه ای، مهمانشهر پناهندگان ومدارس درشیراز و تهران به ایران سفرکرده اند.

جمهوری اسلامی ایران حدود چهار دهه میزبان و حامی یکی از بزرگترین جمعیت های پناهندگان شهری در جهان است. تقریبا 951،000 پناهنده ثبت شده افغان و 28،000 پناهنده عراقی و حدود 1.5 تا 2 میلیون افغان فاقد مدارک قانونی در ایران زندگی می کنند که بسیاری از آن ها نسل دوم و سوم پناهندگانی هستند که هرگز به افغانستان سفر نکرده اند. کمیساریا با 32 سال حضور بی وقفه در ایران و همکاری تنگاتنگ با اداره کل امور اتباع و مهاجرین خارجی، از پناهندگان افغان و عراقی در سراسر ایران حمایت می کند.

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مرداد 95 - افزایش حمایت آلمان از پروژه های برنامه جهانی غذا برای پناهندگان در ایران، به ویژه دختران دانش آموز

تهران- امروز دفتر برنامه جهانی غذا سازمان ملل متحد (WFP) از دریافت کمک بی سابقه 2 میلیون یورویی  ( معادل حدود 3/2 میلیون دلار امریکا) دولت جمهوری فدرال آلمان استقبال نمود. این کمک سخاوتمندانه صرف پروژه های امداد غذایی به پناهندگان افغان و عراقی ساکن ایران و نیز ارتقاء سطح تحصیل دختران پناهندهدر این کشورخواهد شد.

نگار گرامی، نماینده برنامه جهانی غذا در ایران گفت: "ما از دولت و ملت آلمان بخاطر این کمک به موقع بی نهایت سپاسگزاریم.چنین بودجه هایی ما را در ارائه خدمات به آسیب پذیرترین پناهندگان به ویژه زنان و کودکان یاری می نماید. امیدواریم جامعه بین الملل حمایت خود از پناهندگان ساکن ایران که اکثر آنان برای رفع نیاز غذائی روزمره خود منحصرا وابسته به کمک های WFP می باشندرا افزایش دهد ."

برنامه جهانی غذا 30،000 نفر از آسیب پذیرترین پناهندگان را با ارائه ماهیانه یک سبد از اقلام غذائی اصلی شامل نان، برنج، شکر، عدس و روغن گیاهی تحت پوشش خود دارد. همچنین این سازمان برای 3000 نفر از دختران دانش آموز پناهنده و آموزگارانشان در 19 مهمانشهر واقع در سراسر کشور بسته های روغن تشویقی توزیع می نماید. این سهمیه والدین را ترغیب می نماید تا دخترانشان را به مدرسه بفرستند و در نتیجه سطح تحصیل دختران بالا رفته و فاصله تحصیلی با پسران کاهش می یابد. 

مبلغ اهدایی توسط آلمان صرف خرید 2،156 تن آرد گندم غنی شده ، 194 تن روغن گیاهی غنی شده با ویتامین ها، 186 تن عدس و 321 تن برنج جهت توزیع میان پناهندگان افغان و عراقی ساکن مهمانشهرها در سراسر ایران خواهد شد. بیشتر این اقلام غذایی از داخل کشور خریداری شده تا از سرعت تحویل و انطباقکیفیت با استانداردهای کشوری اطمینان حاصل گردد.

امسال، دولت آلمان با دوبرابر نمودن کمک خود به برنامه جهانی غذا در ایران در زمره اهداء کنندگان برتر کشور قرار گرفت.

میکائیل بارون فون اونگرن-اشترنبرگ، سفیر آلمان در تهران اظهار داشت: "متاسفانه طی دوازده ماه گذشته موضوع پناهندگان بیش از پیش دغدغه جامعه جهانی شده است. دولت آلمان با شرایط دشوار میلیون ها پناهنده  که بخاطر جنگ و درگیری مجبور به ترک خانه هایشان شده اند همدردی می نماید. ایران همواره پذیرای پناهندگان بسیاری از کشور های همسایه به خصوص افغانستان بوده است. به همین دلیل دولت ایران شایسته تقدیر بین المللی است. دولت آلمان مایل است از این سیاست از طرق مختلف  من جمله با کمک به پروژه های حیاتی WFP به پناهندگان در ایران حمایت نماید."

جمهوری اسلامی ایران با حدود 980،000 پناهنده افغان و عراقی ثبت شده در کشور پس از ترکیه، پاکستان و لبنان چهارمین کشور پناهنده پذیر در جهان است.

برنامه جهانی غذا از اواخر دهه 1980 میلادی، زمانیکه اولین گروه پناهجویان از افغانستان و عراق وارد ایران شدند کمک های غذایی خود را به پناهندگان آغاز نمود.

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برنامه جهانی غذا بزرگترین آژانس بشردوستانه دنیا در مبارزه با گرسنگی است که با ارائه کمک های غذایی و همکاری با جوامع در هنگام بحران به بازسازی وضعیت معیشت آسیب دیدگان می پردازد. این سازمان هر ساله به حدود 80 میلیون نفر در 80 کشور دنیا امداد غذایی می رساند.

ما را در توئیتر دنبال کنید:  Twitter@WFPIran>

 برای اطلاعات بیشتر می توانید از سایت ما http://fa.wfp.orgبازدید و یا با شمارههايزيرتماسحاصلفرماييد:

دارادربندی،سرپرستواحداطلاعرسانیبرنامهجهانیغذا- ایران   تلفن: 22863527 (9821+) موبایل: 3084147(98912+)   

 

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