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سازمان ملل متحد در ایران
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18 Nov 2018 - Iran implementing its commitments under nuclear deal

  • Published in Other

International Atomic Energy Agency Director General's Statement to the 73rd Regular Session of the United Nations General Assembly: 

(As prepared for delivery)

Madam President,

Let me begin by expressing my regret that I cannot be present for this 73rd Regular Session of the United Nations General Assembly.

There have been important developments in many areas of the IAEA’s activities since I last had the honour of addressing the General Assembly. Many of these are covered by the IAEA Annual Report 2017, which has been distributed.

The Agency now implements safeguards in 181 countries, helping to ensure that nuclear materials are not diverted from peaceful purposes. This is an important, and unique, contribution to international peace and security.

We have continued to verify and monitor the implementation by Iran of its nuclear-related commitments under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

Iran is implementing its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA. It is essential that Iran continues to fully implement those commitments.

The Agency continues to verify the non-diversion of nuclear material declared by Iran under its Safeguards Agreement. Evaluations regarding the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities in Iran continue.

As far as the nuclear programme of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is concerned, the DPRK’s nuclear activities are clear violations of relevant UN Security Council resolutions and are deeply regrettable.

The Agency continues to enhance its readiness to play an essential role in verifying the DPRK’s nuclear programme if a political agreement is reached among countries concerned.

I again call upon the DPRK to comply fully with its obligations under relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council and of the IAEA Board of Governors, to cooperate promptly with the Agency and to resolve all outstanding issues.

Madam President,

Through our technical cooperation programme, the Agency helps to improve the health and prosperity of millions of people by making nuclear science and technology available in health care, food and agriculture, industry and many other areas.

I see the enormous difference our work makes in my many visits to developing countries.

Capacity-building is a core element of the TC programme.

The Agency has supported nearly 50,000 fellowships since 1956, helping scientists from developing countries to significantly improve their skills. In a recent survey of former fellows, almost 90% of respondents said their placements fully met their professional expectations and the needs of their home institutes.

The modernisation of our nuclear applications laboratories at Seibersdorf, near Vienna, continues to make excellent progress.

When the modernisation is completed, we will be able to deliver improved services to Member States to make food safer, improve control of harmful insect pests, and maximize the benefits of new radiation technology for cancer treatment – to name just a few examples.

Major construction work on all new laboratory buildings at Seibersdorf is nearly complete. I am very grateful for the generous contributions received so far. I encourage all Member States in a position to do so to contribute to the costs of equipping the new buildings.

Last month, we marked the 20th anniversary of the IAEA Environment Laboratories at their present location in Monaco with a celebration attended by His Serene Highness Prince Albert II.

The Environment Laboratories make nuclear and isotopic science available to help countries achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, not least SDG 14 on conservation of the oceans.

They monitor environmental radioactivity in the seas and oceans. They also help to address issues such as the impact of climate change, marine plastics, heavy metals and organic pollutants on our seas and oceans.

I was pleased to note, Madam President, that you included the problem of plastics pollution as one of seven priority themes for this session.

Helping countries to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, using relevant nuclear technology, is an important part of our work.

In fact, the IAEA helps countries to use nuclear science and technology to meet at least nine of the 17 SDGs directly, including those aimed at ending hunger, improving human health, increasing the availability of clean water, and, of course, energy.

The Agency continues to participate in the annual High-Level Political Forum on monitoring implementation of the SDGs. Member States encouraged our participation in a resolution at our General Conference in September.

We also actively support South-South cooperation in the field of peaceful nuclear technology. There are many excellent examples of such cooperation, such as the training of radiation oncologists and medical physicists to help improve access to effective cancer treatment in developing countries.

The IAEA Ministerial Conference on Nuclear Science and Technology will take place in Vienna from November 28 to 30. It will focus on the many ways in which nuclear science and technology help countries to address current and emerging development challenges. I encourage all Member States to participate at ministerial level.

Madam President,

The Agency’s latest annual projections show that nuclear power will continue to play a key role in the world’s low-carbon energy mix.

However, without significant progress on using the full potential of nuclear power, it will be difficult for the world to secure sufficient energy to achieve sustainable development and to mitigate climate change.

Regarding the IAEA Low Enriched Uranium Bank in Kazakhstan, I expect that the procurement process will be completed in 2018 and that the LEU will be delivered to the Storage Facility in 2019.

Madam President,

Due attention to safety and security is essential in all uses of nuclear and radiation technologies. Nuclear safety and security are national responsibilities, but the IAEA plays the central role in ensuring effective international cooperation.

We continue to assess the effectiveness and efficiency of Agency peer review and advisory services in nuclear safety and security so that they can better support Member States in the application of IAEA safety standards and security guidance.

We have begun preparations for the next IAEA International Conference on Nuclear Security, which will take place at ministerial level in Vienna in February 2020.

Madam President,

We continuously implement efficiency measures in order to make optimal use of the resources entrusted to us by Member States. But demand for Agency support is steadily increasing. It is essential that Member States make available the resources we need to provide the services they expect.

I am working hard to increase the proportion of women on the Agency’s staff, especially in more senior positions. My goal is to achieve gender parity among the most senior officials by 2021.

Finally, Madam President, I thank the staff of the Agency for their commitment and dedication to delivering on our important mandate.

I am grateful to all IAEA Member States for their active support for the Agency and for me personally and to Austria for being an exemplary host country.

Thank you.

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14 Nov 2018 - Civilians caught in sanctions crossfire need Geneva Convention protection, says UN expert

  • Published in Other

Sanctions that extend beyond national borders, and which seek to block a country’s trade altogether, amount to economic warfare against civilians, an independent expert appointed by the Human Rights Council says.

"These civilians deserve the same protections provided by the Geneva Conventions to people in war," said Idriss Jazairy, the Special Rapporteur on the effect of sanctions on human rights.

"There is a need for differences between States to be resolved through peaceful means as advocated by the UN Charter, while avoiding exposing innocent civilians to collective punishment. Causing hunger and disease through economic instruments should not be accepted in the 21st century."

Referring to Iran, Jazairy said while US sanctions included humanitarian exemptions, there were reports that aid is on hold as banks, insurance and logistics companies await clarification.  It has even been said that the source country of sanctions will block the SWIFT technical mechanism of international interbank financial transfer which may make such exemptions inoperative.

"There can be no justification for not including blanket protections for the importation of food, medicine, and other necessities of life without first requiring lengthy and complex approval processes," the expert said. The International Court of Justice had recently made two preliminary rulings that reiterate the obligation of States to ensure effective humanitarian exemptions while sanctions are in force. 

"I am deeply concerned that it is the poor who are bearing the brunt of these actions," Jazairy said, adding that the rial currency had lost more than 70 percent of its value in the past year, and food prices had risen by half. "More people are losing their jobs as the economy suffers," he said.

"While the right of States to disagree with each other should be respected, harming the human rights of ordinary civilians should not be resorted to as a means of political pressure on a targeted Government," he said.  "This is illegal under international human rights law."

When an economic blockade is imposed, adequate food, medicines, public health and other humanitarian needs must be ensured, he said. "The Fourth Geneva Convention provides such protections during times of war," Jazairy said. "Under economic sanctions, people also die but from lack of food and medicine, rather than from explosive devices. This form of warfare that relies on starvation and disease deserves the same concern from the international community as any other conflict."

States should adopt a declaration which ends such practices, and protects civilians during economic blockades.

"I am ready to serve as facilitator to assist  the United States and Iran in finding concrete ways to ensure that urgently needed humanitarian exemptions whose observance is unchallenged by the source country, are made effective and workable," Jazairy said.

 

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30 October 2018 - More than 90% of the world’s children breathe toxic air every day

  • Published in Health

Every day around 93% of the world’s children under the age of 15 years (1.8 billion children) breathe air that is so polluted it puts their health and development at serious risk. Tragically, many of them die: WHO estimates that in 2016, 600,000 children died from acute lower respiratory infections caused by polluted air.

A new WHO report on Air pollution and child health: Prescribing clean air examines the heavy toll of both ambient (outside) and household air pollution on the health of the world’s children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The report is being launched on the eve of WHO’s first ever Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health. 

It reveals that when pregnant women are exposed to polluted air, they are more likely to give birth prematurely, and have small, low birth-weight children. Air pollution also impacts neurodevelopment and cognitive ability and can trigger asthma, and childhood cancer. Children who have been exposed to high levels of air pollution may be at greater risk for chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease later in life.

“Polluted air is poisoning millions of children and ruining their lives,” says Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO Director-General. “This is inexcusable. Every child should be able to breathe clean air so they can grow and fulfil their full potential.”

One reason why children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of air pollution is that they breathe more rapidly than adults and so absorb more pollutants.  

They also live closer to the ground, where some pollutants reach peak concentrations – at a time when their brains and bodies are still developing.

Newborns and young children are also more susceptible to household air pollution in homes that regularly use polluting fuels and technologies for cooking, heating and lighting

“Air Pollution is stunting our children’s brains, affecting their health in more ways than we suspected. But there are many straight-forward ways to reduce emissions of dangerous pollutants ,” says Dr Maria Neira, Director, Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health at WHO.

“WHO is supporting implementation of health-wise policy measures like accelerating the switch to clean cooking and heating fuels and technologies, promoting the use of cleaner transport, energy-efficient housing and urban planning. We are preparing the ground for low emission power generation, cleaner, safer industrial technologies and better municipal waste management, ” she added.

Key findings:

  • Air pollution affects neurodevelopment, leading to lower cognitive test outcomes, negatively affecting mental and motor development.
  • Air pollution is damaging children’s lung function, even at lower levels of exposures
  • Globally, 93% of the world’s children under 15 years of age are exposed to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) levels above WHO air quality guidelines, which include the 630 million of children under 5 years of age, and 1.8 billion of children under 15 years
  • In low- and middle-income countries around the world, 98% of all children under 5 are exposed to PM2.5 levels above WHO air quality guidelines. In comparison, in high-income countries, 52% of children under 5 are exposed to levels above WHO air quality guidelines.
  • More than 40% of the world’s population – which includes for 1 billion children under 15 -  is exposed to high levels of household air pollution from mainly cooking with polluting technologies and fuels.
  • About 600’000 deaths in children under 15 years of age were attributed to the joint effects of ambient and household air pollution in 2016.
  • Together, household air pollution from cooking and ambient (outside) air pollution cause more than 50% of acute lower respiratory infections in children under 5 years of age in low- and middle-income countries.
  • Air pollution is one of the leading threats to child health, accounting for almost 1 in 10 deaths in children under five years of age.

WHO’s First Global Conference on Air Pollution and Health, which opens in Geneva on Tuesday 30 October will provide the opportunity for world leaders; ministers of health, energy, and environment; mayors; heads of intergovernmental organizations; scientists and others to commit to act against this serious health threat, which shortens the lives of around 7 million people each year. Actions should include:

  • Action by the health sector to inform, educate, provide resources to health professionals, and engage in inter-sectoral policy making.
  • Implementation of policies to reduce air pollution: All countries should work towards  meeting WHO global air quality guidelines to enhance the health and safety of children. To achieve this, governments should adopt such measures as reducing the over-dependence on fossil fuels in the global energy mix, investing in improvements in energy efficiency and facilitating the uptake of renewable energy sources. Better waste management can reduce the amount of waste that is burned within communities and thereby reducing ‘community air pollution’. The exclusive use of clean technologies and fuels for household cooking, heating and lighting activities can drastically improve the air quality within homes and in the surrounding community.
  • Steps to minimize children’s exposure to polluted air: Schools and playgrounds should be located away from major sources of air pollution like busy roads, factories and power plants. 

 

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آبان 97 - جشن روز ملل متحد با شرکت کودکان چند ملیتی خانواده سازمان ملل متحد در ایران

خانم اوگوچی دنیلز، هماهنگ مقیم سازمان ملل متحد از فرزندان کارکنان ملل متحد دعوت کرد تا با حضورشان در ساختمان سازمان ملل متحد در تهران، روز ملل متحد را همراه با خانوده  سازمان ملل متحد در 3 آبان ماه 1397 گرامی دارند.

خانم دنیلز اظهار داشت: "هنگامی با این کودکان کنجکاو و با هوش صحبت می کردم، در این فکر بودم که تا چه اندازه از خدمت به سازمان ملل متحد و ماموریت مهم همگی  مان مفتخرم. این را در ذهنم مرور می کردم که به عنوان دختری نیجریه ای چقدر خوش شانس بودم که در خانواده ای بزرگ شدم که مرا با عشق، آزادی و فرصت های بی شمار در زمینه تحصیل و کسب مهارت پرورش دادند. به عنوان بزرگسال، از این اقبال برخوردارم که حمایت همسرم و عشق فرزندانم را داشته باشم که بدون این همراهی  موفق نمی شدم به این جایگاه مهم دست یابم."

خانم دنیلز با لبخند بر لب، هنگام شنیدن پاسخ های درست از کودکان، آنان را در آغوش می گرفت. ایشان اظهار داشت: "از این نکته خیلی تحت تاثیر قرار گرفتم که این بچه های باهوش چقدر سریع نکته های تازه درباره سازمان ملل متحد را فرا می گیرند، جایی که والدین عزیزشان  با افتخار در آن  خدمت می کنند. روز ویژه ای برای خانواده بزرگ چند زبانه و چند ملیتی سازمان ملل متحد و در عین حال نخستین گرامی داشت روز ملل متحد در ایران برای من بود."  

مراسم با همکاری گروه ارتباطات سازمان ملل متحد و انجمن کارکنان برگزار شد.

صحبت ها و بازی ها برای گروه های سنی متفاوت به وسیله صدف نیکزاد و ندا مبرا از دفتر هماهنگ کننده مقیم، محمد مقدم، صادق اصفهانی و کارآموزان مرکز اطلاعات سازمان ملل متحد سازمان دهی و اجرا گردید.

بیش از 30 کودک و نوجوان درباره اعلامیه جهانی حقوق بشر، اهمیت حفظ محیط زیست و محدودیت منابع آب آموختند. آنان این نکته را فرا گرفتند که ایران از دولت های بنیان گذار سازمان ملل متحد بوده وهمکاری های زیاد با این سازمان جهانی داشته است.

آنان مطالب زیادی را پس از پخش پیام دبیرکل سازمان ملل متحد به مناسبت روز ملل متحد از راه گفتگو، کارتون های منتخب و چند ویدئو آموختند.

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25 October 2018 - UN Family with its Multinational Kids Celebrates UN Day in Iran

  • Published in Other

UN Resident Coordinator Ms. Ugochi Daniels invited children of UN staff to mark the UN Day together with the UN family on 25 October 2018 at the UN Office in Tehran.

“When I spoke to these very curious and bright children, I thought how proud I am to serve United Nations and what an important mission we have.  I reflected how fortunate I was as a young Nigerian girl to grow up in a family which provided me with the love, freedom and opportunity to grow, study and develop professionally and personally.  As an adult, I am blessed to have the support of my loving husband and three children without which, I would never achieve such high-level positions at UN,” Ms. Ugochi Daniels said.

With a big smile Ms. Daniels gave children her special awards for their correct answers – hugs.  She added: “I am impressed how quickly these bright kids picked up new facts about the organization, where their dear parents have the honor to serve.  It was a special day for our big multilingual and multinational UN family and it was also my first UN Day celebration in Iran.”

The event was organized by the UN Communications Group and Staff Association. 

Age-appropriate discussions and games were led by Sadaf Nikzad and Neda Mobara from the Office of Resident Coordinator, Mohammad Moghadam, Sadeq Isfahani from UN Information Centre (UNIC) and UNIC interns. 

More than 30 UN kids learned about Universal Declaration of Human Rights, importance of environment protection and scarred water resources.  They were delighted to learn that Iran was among the UN founding Member States and about UN-Iran partnership.

Kids were learning via interactive discussions, organized after screening of UN Secretary-General message dedicated to the UN Day and specially selected cartoons and videos.

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23 October 2018 - UN chief’s video message for 2018 UN Day

  • Published in Other

Marking the 2018 United Nations Day, which falls on 24 October, Secretary-General António Guterres is urging the men and women of the UN, and those they serve, to “never give up” tackling the world’s many challenges.

Click on the video above to watch the full video message. 

 

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