UNESCO Tehran Cluster Office in cooperation with the Municipality of Yazd, Yazd University and the Iranian Cultural Heritage Handicrafts and Tourism Organization organized the first international workshop on “Earthen Architecture, World Heritage City of Yazd: Conservation Problems and Challenges” in Yazd, I.R. of Iran on 10-16 February 2019.
Three international renowned experts from International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM), International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) and CRAterre facilitated the workshop together with national experts from universities, ICHHTO and ICHHTO Research Institute. The workshop was attended by thirty-three national and international participants.
Earthen Heritage includes a great variety of structures, ranging from mosques, palaces and granaries, to historic city centers, cultural landscapes and archaeological sites. Increasingly threatened by natural and human impacts such as floods and earthquakes, industrialization, urbanization, modern building technologies, disappearance of traditional conservation practices, etc. earthen structures deserve particular attention in terms of conservation and maintenance.
During the opening of the workshop, the Deputy for Cultural Heritage at the Iranian Cultural Heritage Handicrafts and Tourism Organization (ICHHTO) mentioned the importance of a municipality to host a cultural heritage event and thanked the efforts of the Mayor of Yazd for his efforts in protection of cultural heritage.
During his speech, Dr. Talebian pointed to the criteria iii (to bear a unique or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilization which is living or which has disappeared) and criteria iv (to be an outstanding example of a type of building, architectural or technological ensemble or landscape which illustrates (a) significant stage(s) in human history), based on which the Historic City of Yazd is registered on UNESCO World Heritage List.
Earthen architecture has become a symbolic expression of the human capacity to create an environment built by valorising locally available resources. The disappearance of the elements that compose this sizable architectural family world be an irreplaceable loss to humanity.
“We therefore urgently need to focus on ensuring its recognition and appreciation, its preservation, and the dissemination of good practices for its safeguarding.”, said Ms. Mohegh from UNESCO Tehran Cluster Office during her speech.
The six- day workshop will run until 16 February 2019 with several panel discussions on challenges of protection of earthen architecture and field visits.
For more information on UNESCO’s programme on Earthen Architecture, please see:
For more information on UNESCO World Heritage List, please see:
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